The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Julie Anne Legate (2005). The Absence of Absolutive Case.

URL: http://www.lingref.com/cpp/wccfl/24/paper1228.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2640&langcode=niu (2021-06-15).


Example #1:

    (7)   a. Kua kamata [ke        hala he tama e       akau]
    PERF begin [SBJV cut ERG child ABS tree]
    "The child has begun to cut down the tree" (M [21])
Example #2:

    b. Maeke [ke        nofo a    Pita i Tuapa]
    possible [SBJV stay ABS Pita at Tuapa]
    "Pita can stay at Tuapa" (M [19])
Example #3:

    (12)     a. Ne tohitohi a      Sione [aki e      pene]
    PST writing ABS Sione [with ABS pen]
    "Sione is writing with a pen" (M [8])
Example #4:

    (13)    Ne ahu aki e       ia e     akau e     tau toa
    PST slay with ERG he ABS club ABS PL hero
    "He slayed the heroes with a club" (M [14])
Example #5:

    (18)     a. Nofo agaia nakai e      matua fifine haau i Mutalau?
    live still Q     ABS parent female your in Mutalau
    "Does your mother still live in Mutalau (village)?"
Example #6:

    b. No-nofo agaia nakai e       tau ma-matua haau i Mutalau?
    PL-live still Q      ABS PL PL-parent your in Mutalau
    "Do your parents still live in Mutalau (village)?" (S 62)
Example #7:

    (19)     a. Moua oti e      maua               mo Sione e        tau mata afi
    get all ERG we.DUAL.EXCL with Sione ABS PL piece fire
    "Sione and I have already won all the matches" (S 67)