The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mark C. Baker (2005). Mapping the Terrain of Language Learning.

URL: http://ruccs.rutgers.edu/forums/proseminar_fall05/05Baker.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2644&langcode=nya (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    (28)   a.   Njuchi zi-na-lum-a      alenje.
    Bees    they-PAST-bit hunters
    `The bees bit the hunters.'
Example #2:

    b.   Zi-na-lum-a     alenje njuchi.
    they-PAST-bit hunters bees
    `The bees bit the hunters.'
Example #3:

    c.   Zi-na-lum-a     alenje.
    they-PAST-bit hunters
    `They bit the hunters.'
Example #4:

    (29)   a.   Zi-na-wa-lum-a alenje. (or, Zi-na-luma alenje.)
    they-PAST-them-bit hunters (they-PAST-bit hunters)
    `They bit the hunters.'
Example #5:

    b.   Alenje zi-na-wa-lum-a. (but not *Alenje zi-na-luma.)
    hunters they-PAST-them-bit (hunters they-PAST-bit)
    `They bit the hunters.'
Example #6:

    c.   Zi-na-wa-lum-a. (but not *Zi-na-luma.)
    they-PAST-them-bit (they-PAST-bit)
    `They bit them.'
Example #7:

    (39)    a.   li ?ehkee ka-yihshu.
    dog boy     it-bit.
    `The dog bit the boy.'
Example #8:

    b.   (?ehkee) li       ka-ye-yihshu
    boy       dog it-him-bit.
    `The dog bit him (the boy).'