ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Beryl Hoffman (1995). The Computational Analysis of the Syntax and Interpretation of "Free" Word Order in Turkish.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~ircs/download/techreports/1995/95-17.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2646&langcode=tur (2021-06-14).

 

Example #1:

    (1) Kedi-ler uyu-yor-(lar).
    Cat-Pl sleep-Prog-(Pl).
    The cats are sleeping."
Example #2:

    b. Ahmet    PROyarn        sinema-ya git-mek] ist-iyor.
    Ahmet    PRO tomorrowmovie-Dat go-Inf ] want-Prog.
    Ahmet   wants to go to the movie tomorrow."
Example #3:

    (5) a. Ali ben ev-e        git-ti-m] san-yor.
    Ali I house-Dat go-Past-1sg] think-Prog-(3SG).
    Ali thinks that I went home."
Example #4:

    b. Ali beni ev-e          git-ti] san-yor.
    Ali I-Acc house-dat go-Past] think-Prog.
    Ali thinks of me that I went home."
Example #5:

    (2) a. Fatma kim-i gor-du?
    Fatma who-Acc see-Past?
    Who did Fatma see?"
Example #6:

    c. Ayse benim okudugumu                   bu kitab], biliyor.
    Ayse I-Gen read-Past-Ger-1Sg-Acc this book-Acc] know-Prog.
    Ayse knows that I read this book."
Example #7:

    (8) Bu kitab- j Fatma ti tj oku-mak] iste-dig-im-i]            bil-iyor ben-imi .
    This book-Accj Fatma ti tj read-Inf ] want-Ger-1S-Acc] know-Prog I-Geni .
    As for this book, Fatma knows that I wantto read it."
Example #8:

    (9) a. Berna PRO odev-in-i         bit-ir-ince]    ban-a yardm ed-ecek.
    Berna PROhw-3Poss-Acc nish-Aor-Ger] I-dat help do-Fut.
    When (she) nishes (her) homework, Berna is going to help me."
Example #9:

    b. *Odevini       bana Berna bitirince] yardm edecek.
    *Hw-3P-Acci I-dat Berna nish-ger] help do-3sg.
    As for her homework, Berna is going to help me when she nishes it."
Example #10:

    c. *Berna bitirince] bana yardm edecek odevini.
    *Berna nish-ger] I-dat help do           hw-3Ps-Acc.
    *When she nishes it, Berna is going to help me, her homework."
Example #11:

    b. ei Cozmek] zor bu problemii .
    ei Solve-Inf ] hard this problem-Acci .
    Tosolve (it) is hard, this problem."
Example #12:

    (25) A: San-a kim gel-dig-im-i             soyle-di?
    You-dat who come-Ger-1S-Acc say-Past?
    Who told you that I came here?"
Example #13:

    a. Ban-a, sen-ini , kimse ei gel-dig-in-i]         soyle-me-di.
    I-dat you-Geni noone ei come-Ger-2S-Acc] say-Neg-Past.
    As for me, and as for you, NOONE told me that you came."
Example #14:

    (28) a. Ban-a sen-ini kimse ei gel-dig-in-i]     soyle-me-di.
    I-dat you-Geni noone ei come-Ger-2S-Acc] say-Neg-Past.
    As for me, and as for you, NOONE told me that you came."
Example #15:

    (29) a. Uyan-d Ayse.
    awake-Past Ayse.
    She, Ayse, woke up."
Example #16:

    (30) a. Kitab- Ayse, gazete-yi            de Fatma oku-yor.
    Book-Acc Ayse, newspaper-Acc too Fatma read-Prog.
    As for the book, Ayse is reading it, and the newspaper, Fatma."
Example #17:

    c. Sinema-ya Ahmet PRO yarn            git-me-yi] cok ist-iyor.
    Movie-Dat Ahmet PRO tomorrow go-Inf-Acc] very want-Prog.
    As for the movies, Ahmet wants to go to them tomorrowvery much."
Example #18:

    d. Sinema-ya Ahmet PRO yarn             git-mek] ist-iyor.
    Movie-Dat Ahmet PRO tomorrow go-Inf ] want-Prog.
    As for the movies, Ahmet wants to go to them tomorrow."
Example #19:

    f. Ev-e       Ali ben git-ti-m] san-yor.
    House-Dat Ali I go-Past-1sg] think-Prog-(3SG).
    As for home, Ali thinks that I went there."
Example #20:

    g. Ali beni git-ti] san-yor ev-e.
    Ali I-Acc go-Past] think-Prog house-dat.
    Ali thinks of me that I went home."
Example #21:

    (18) a. Ben cikolatay        cok severim.
    I chocolate-Acc much like.
    I like chocolate very much."
Example #22:

    (20) a. Esra gazete      oku-yor.
    Esra newspaper read-Prog.
    Esra is reading (some) newspaper(s)."
Example #23:

    b. Gazete okuyor Esra.
    Newspaper read-Prog Esra.
    She is reading (some) newspaper(s), Esra."
Example #24:

    (21) a. Fatma ban-a bir kitap ver-di.
    Fatma I-Dat one book give-Past.
    Fatma gave me a (nonspeci c) book."
Example #25:

    d. Fatma bir kitab- ban-a verdi.
    Fatma one book-Acc I-Dat give-Past.
    Fatma gave me a (speci c) book."
Example #26:

    (22) a. Bir gomlek san-a, bir gomlek de kardes-in-e                   al-d-m.
    One shirt you-Dat, one shirt too sibling-Poss2sg-Dat bought-Past-1Sg.
    (I) bought a shirt for you and another shirt for your sibling."
Example #27:

    b. *Gomlek san-a, gomlek de kardes-in-e                  al-d-m.
    *shirt you-Dat, shirt too sibling-Poss2sg-Dat bought-Past-1Sg.
    (I) bought some shirt(s) for you and some for your sibling."
Example #28:

    (25) a. Ahmet PRO sinema-ya git-me-yi] cok ist-iyor.
    Ahmet PROmovie-Dat go-Inf-Acc] very want-Prog.
    Ahmet wants to go to the movies very much."
Example #29:

    b. PRO sinema-ya git-me-yi] Ahmet cok ist-iyor.
    PROmovie-Dat go-Inf-Acc] Ahmet very want-Prog.
    To go to the movies, Ahmet wants very much."
Example #30:

    c. Ahmet cok ist-iyor PRO sinema-ya git-me-yi]
    Ahmet very want-Prog PROmovie-Dat go-Inf-Acc]
    Ahmet wants that very much, to go to the movies."
Example #31:

    (26) a. Ahmet PRO sinemaya gitmek] istiyor.
    Ahmet PROmovie-Dat go-Inf ] want-Prog.
    Ahmet wants to go to the movies."
Example #32:

    (27) a. Siyah kedi] gel-di.
    Blackcat] come-Past.
    The black cat came in."
Example #33:

    c. Evini       ben ei kapsn]             boyadm.
    House-Gen I         door-Poss3S-Acc paint-Past-1sg.
    As for the house, I painted its door."
Example #34:

    (34) a. Bu problemi zor cozmek.
    This problem-Acc hard solve-Inf.
    As for this problem, to solve (it) is hard."
Example #35:

    b. Cozmek zor bu problemi.
    Solve-Inf hard this problem-Acc.
    Tosolve (it) is hard, this problem."
Example #36:

    b. Bu kitab- ben ei yaz-an] kadn-                 tan-yor-um.
    This book-Acc I ei write-Re]l woman-Acc know-Prog-1Sg.
    As for this book, I know the woman who wrote it."
Example #37:

    (36) a. Berna PRO odev-in-i bit-ir-ince]           ban-a yardm ed-ecek.
    Berna PROhw-3Ps-Acc nish-Aor-Ger] I-dat help do-Fut.
    When (she) nishes (her) homework, Berna is going to help me."
Example #38:

    b. *Odevini      bana Berna bitirince] yardm edecek.
    *Hw-3P-Acci I-dat Berna nish-ger] help do-3sg.
    As for her homework, Berna is going to help me when she nishes it."
Example #39:

    c. *Berna bitirince] bana yardm edecek odevini.
    *Berna nish-ger] I-dat help do          hw-3Ps-Acc.
    *When she nishes it, Berna is going to help me, her homework."
Example #40:

    c. Ayse benim okudugumu                 bu kitab], bil-iyor.
    Ayse I-Gen read-Past-Ger-1Sg-Acc this book-Acc] know-Pres.
    Ayse knows that I read it, this book."
Example #41:

    (43) a. Fatma Ali ev-e          git-ti] san-d.
    Fatma Ali house-Dat go-Past] think-Past.
    Fatma thoughtAli went home."
Example #42:

    b. Evei         Fatma Ali ei gitti] sand.
    House-Dati Fatma Ali ei go-Past] think-Past.
    To the house, Fatma thought that Ali went there."
Example #43:

    c. Ali Fatma eve          gitti sand.
    Ali Fatma house-Dat go-Past think-Past.
    *As for Ali, Fatma thoughtthat he went home."
Example #44:

    b. Bu kitab- i Ahmet ben-i ei oku-du] san-yor.
    This book-Acci Ahmet I-Acc ei read-Past] think-Prog.
    As for this book, Ahmet thinks of me that I read it."
Example #45:

    c. Ben-i Ahmet ei oku-du] san-yor bu kitab- i .
    I-Acc Ahmet ei read-Past] think-Prog this book-Acci.
    Ahmet thinks of me that I read it, this book."
Example #46:

    (45) a. Ayse kitab, Fatma da gazeteyi                okuyor. (SO and SOV)
    Ayse book-Acc, Fatma too newspaper-Acc reads.
    Ayse is reading the book and Fatma the newspaper."
Example #47:

    b. Ayse kitab       okuyor, Fatma da gazeteyi. (SOV and SO)
    Ayse book-Acc reads, Fatma too newspaper-Acc.
    Ayse is reading the book and Fatma the newspaper."
Example #48:

    (46) a. Kitab Ayse, gazeteyi             de Fatma okuyor. (OS and OSV)
    Book-Acc Ayse, newspaper-Acc too Fatma read-Prog.
    As for the book, Ayse is reading it, and the newspaper, Fatma."
Example #49:

    c. *Ayse kitab, gazeteyi           de Fatma okuyor. (SO and OSV)
    *Ayse book-acc, newspaper-acc too Fatma reads.
    *Ayse is reading the book and the newspaper Fatma."
Example #50:

    (48) a. Fatma kim-i ara-d?
    Fatma who-Acc seek-Past?
    Who did Fatma call?"
Example #51:

    (1) a. Esra kitab- oku-yor. (SOV)
    Esra book-Acc read-PresProg.
    Esra is reading the BOOK."
Example #52:

    b. Kitab Esra okuyor. (OSV)
    Book-Acc Esra read-Prog.
    As for the book, it is ESRA who is reading it."
Example #53:

    c. Okuyor Esra kitab. (VSO)
    Read-Prog Esra book-Acc.
    She is READING it, the book, Esra."
Example #54:

    (7) a. Gel-iyor mu Ayse?
    Come-Prog Quest Ayse?
    Is she, Ayse, coming?"
Example #55:

    b. Hayr, gel-mi-yor Ayse.
    No, come-Neg-Prog Ayse.
    No, she, Ayse, is NOT coming."
Example #56:

    (8) a. EXP: bu cok guzel bir sey.
    this very pretty one thing.
    This is a very pretty thing."
Example #57:

    b. EXP: on-u san-a kim ver-di? (OOSV)
    it-Acc you-Dat who give-Past?
    Speaking of this, who gaveit toyou?" (CHILDES 1ca.cha:374)
Example #58:

    (9) a. Tan-r-lar        ben-i. Hepsi       tanr.
    know-Aor-3Pl I-Dat. All-Poss3 know.
    (They) know me. All of (them) know (me)."
Example #59:

    (10) a. Bun-lar hepsi es         ol-du zaten          bir-bir-ler-ine.
    This-Pl all identical be-Past essentially one-one-Pl-Dat.
    All of these turned out to be identical to each other."
Example #60:

    b. On-lar-da bir degis-me ol-du mu?
    This-Pl-Loc one change be-Past Quest?
    And in those, has there been a change in them?" (transcribed 1992)
Example #61:

    (11) a. Bir kac          gun sonra Anna gel-di.
    One how-manyday after Anna come-Past.
    After a few days, Anna came."
Example #62:

    b. Srt-n-da          tilki kurk-u var-d.
    Back-Poss3S-Loc fox fur-Poss3S there-be-Past.
    On (her) back, there was a fox fur." (Cetin Altan, Buyuk Gozalt , 1972:85)
Example #63:

    (12) a. Cocuk ve kopek uyan-dk-lar-n-da,
    Child and dog wakeup-Past-Pl-3Poss-Loc,
    When the child and the dog wake up,"
Example #64:

    c. her taraf- ar-yor-lar.
    every side-Acc seek-Prog-Pl.
    (They) look everywhere." (Childes - 20j.cha)
Example #65:

    (13) a. #Bir kitap masa-nn ust-un-de               dur-uyor.
    #One kitap table-Gen top-Poss3S-Loc stay-Prog.
    A book is lying/standing on the table."
Example #66:

    b. Bir adam kap-nn on-un-de                  dur-uyor.
    One man door-Gen front-Poss3S-Loc stay-Prog.
    A man is standing in front of the door."
Example #67:

    (14) a. Mav kap-l           bir kitap masa-nn ust-un-de          dur-uyor.
    Blue cover-with one book table-Gen top-Poss3S-Loc stay-Prog.
    A blue covered book is lying on the table."
Example #68:

    b. Ben de don-du21-m de-di-m ki,
    I too turn-Pst-1S say-Pst-1S Comp,
    And I turned around and said,"
Example #69:

    c. Ban-a ait bir sey-i]            siz nasl ver-iyor-sun-uz?" (OSV)
    I-Dat belong one thing-Acc] you how give-Prog-2P-Pl?"
    Howcould you give (them) a thing that belongs to me]?" (transcribed 1990)
Example #70:

    (17) a. Gazete-yi        Ali oku-yor. (OSV)
    Newspaper-Acc Ali read-Prog.
    As for the newspaper, Ali is reading it."
Example #71:

    b. Gazete-ler-in       biri-ni Ali oku-yor.
    Newspaper-Pl-Gen one-Acc Ali read-Prog.
    As for one of the newspapers, Ali is reading it."
Example #72:

    d. #Bir gazete-yi         Ali oku-yor.
    #One newspaper-Acc Ali read-Prog.
    Ali is reading a certain newspaper."
Example #73:

    e. *Bir gazete       Ali oku-yor.
    *One newspaper Ali read-Prog.
    Ali is reading a nonspeci c newspaper."
Example #74:

    f. *Gazete Ali          oku-yor.
    *One newspaper Ali            read-Prog.
    Ali is reading some newspaper(s)." (nonreferential)
Example #75:

    (18) a. Bir gazete-yi          Ali, bir gazete-yi      de kardes-i          oku-yor.
    One newspaper-acc Ali, one newspaper-acc too sibling-Poss3S read-Prog.
    Ali is reading a (certain) newspaper and his sibling another."
Example #76:

    b. Bir gazete        Ali, bir gazete     de kardes-i        oku-yor.
    One newspaper Ali, one newspaper too sibling-Poss3S read-Prog.
    Ali is reading a newspaper and his sibling another."
Example #77:

    (23) a. Bir gun, kucuk bir cocuk, bir kurbaga bulmus.
    One day, little, one kid, one frog          nd-Past.
    One day, a little kid found a frog." (20i.cha)
Example #78:

    c. EXP: O-na da anne-si               al-sn bir tane top. (OSVO)
    she-Dat too mother-3Poss buy one piece ball.
    As for her the cat], her mother should buy her a ball."
Example #79:

    d. CHI: s o al-sn, ver-sin cocug-un-a.
    s o buy-3Sg, give-3Sg child-Poss3S-Dat.
    (She) should buy (one) and give (it) to (her) child." (1hb.cha - Alev)
Example #80:

    (26) a. Nazire Abla "Kz, guzel-sin"          di-yor.
    Nazire sister "Girl beautiful-3Sg" say-Prog.
    Nazire sister says, "Girl, you are beautiful"."
Example #81:

    b. s Anne-m-in             tan-d g-.
    mother-Poss1-Gen know-rel.
    (She) is someone (my) mother knows."
Example #82:

    c. Bu ev-i           ban-a o bul-du,
    This house-Acc I-dat s/he found
    SHE found this house for me,"
Example #83:

    d. s yalnz kal-d g-m-da.
    s alone stay-1sg-When.
    when (I) was staying bymyself."
Example #84:

    e. Bir o biliyor s yasad gm.
    One s/he knows s live-1Sg-Acc.
    She is the only person who knows that I live." (Inci Aral, Agda Zaman:80)
Example #85:

    (27) a. Cocuk korku-dan asag dus-uyor.
    Child fear-Abl down fall-Pres.
    The child falls down from fear."
Example #86:

    b. Ar-lar da bu ara-da kopeg-i koval-yor-lar.
    Bee-Pl too this time-loc dog-Acc chase.
    And the bees, meanwhile, chase the dog."
Example #87:

    c. Kopek de korku-yla kac-yor.
    Dog too fear-with run-away.
    And the dog, he runs away with fear."
Example #88:

    (28) a. EXP: bu defteri           de cok sevdim           ben. (O-Adj-V-S)
    this notebook-Acc too much like-Past-1S I.
    This notebook, I like a LOT."
Example #89:

    b. EXP: bunu da baban m verdi? (OSV)
    this-Acc too father-2S Quest give-Past?
    This too, your FATHER gaveto you?" (CHILDES 1ba.cha)
Example #90:

    (31) a. Yag lekesi        olay, kzn disi kaplan gibi
    Grease spot-3Poss incident, girl-Gen female tiger like
    The grease spot incident, (was resolved) when the woman, like a female tiger,"
Example #91:

    b. ortaya     atl syla         cozuluyor.
    middle-Loc jump-Nom-with solve-Pass-Prog.
    jumped into the middle."
Example #92:

    d. Ykayacak, ykayacak, utuleyecek ve mutlu olacak.
    Wash-Fut wash-Fut iron-Fut and happybe-Fut.
    (She) was going to wash, wash, iron, and be happy." (D.Asena,Degisen Birsey Yok)
Example #93:

    (32) a. EXP: Ismail gel-di     mi?
    Ismail come-Past Quest?
    Did Ismail come over (to your house)?"
Example #94:

    b. CHI: gel-di.
    come-Past.
    Yes, he came."
Example #95:

    c. EXP: Rahim?
    Rahim?
    And Rahim?"
Example #96:

    d. CHI: geldi.      Saban Efendi.
    come-Past. Mr. Saban
    Yes, he came. and Mr. Saban."
Example #97:

    e. EXP: Saban Efendi? O da m geldi?
    Mr. Saban? He too Quest came?
    Mr. Saban? HE came too?
Example #98:

    (34) a. EXP: kus-lar ne yap-ar?
    EXP: bird-Pl what do-Aor?
    EXP: What do birds do?"
Example #99:

    b. CHI: uc-ar-lar.
    CHI: y-Aor-Pl.
    CHI: (They) FLY." (Childes 1hb.cha)
Example #100:

    b. Bugun Fatma kitap okuyacak]F .
    Today Fatma book read-fut.
    Today,Fatma is going to read a BOOK]F
Example #101:

    b. s Tayyar-a gel de-di-ler.
    s Tayyar-Dat come say-Past-Pl.
    (They) said comeontoTayyar"
Example #102:

    c. Kork-uyor-du Tayyar. VS
    Fear-Prog-Past Tayyar.
    He was afraid, Tayyar." (1hb.cha, Childes Corpus)
Example #103:

    (39) a. Kopek bu ar kovan--na           bak-ar-ken,
    Dog this bee hive-3Poss-Dat look-Aor-while,
    While the dog looked at this bee hive,"
Example #104:

    c. ve kork-mus cocuk.
    and fear-Past kid.
    And he was afraid, the kid."
Example #105:

    d. Kopek de hala ar kovan--na           bak-yor-mus. SOV
    Dog too still bee hive-3Poss-Dat look-Prog-Past.
    And the dog was still looking at the bee hive."
Example #106:

    e. ve s ar kovan--n            dus-ur-mus.
    and s bee hive-3Poss-Acc fall-Caus-Past.
    And (he) made the bee hive fall down." (Childes 20a.chi)
Example #107:

    (40) a. EXP: goz-luk mu tak-yor-sun artk?
    EXP: eye-for quest wear-Prog-2S now?
    EXP: Are you wearing eye glasses now?"
Example #108:

    b. CHI: boyle bak-nca kay-yor.
    CHI: like-this look-Ger slide-Prog.
    CHI: When I look like this, it slides o ."
Example #109:

    c. EXP: ama cok yak s-m s            gozluk san-a. VSO
    EXP: but much becoming-Past glasses you-Dat
    EXP: ut they, the glasses, are very becoming on you." (5ga.cha)
Example #110:

    c. EXP: O-na da anne-si           al-sn bir tane top.        (OSVO)
    she-Dat too mother-3Poss buy one piece ball.
    As for her the cat], her mother should buy her      a ball." (Childes 1hb)
Example #111:

    (42) a. Bir kac          gun sonra Anna gel-di. Srt-n-da            tilki kurk-u var-d.
    One how-manyday after Anna came. Back-Poss3S-Loc fox fur-Poss3S be-Past.
    After a few days, Anna came. There was a fox fur on (her) back."
Example #112:

    b. s Sar-l-d           kucag-n-a        al-d        ben-i. (VO)
    s wrap-Pass-Past lap-Poss3S-Loc take-Past I-Acc.
    (She) hugged me and took me on her lap."
Example #113:

    c. Ben de ic-im           kop-a kop-a sar-l-d-m             o-na. (SVO)
    I too inside-Poss1S tear tear wrap-Pass-Past-1S her-Dat.
    And I, with my heart tearing, hugged her back." (Cetin Altan,Buyuk Gozalt ,p85)
Example #114:

    b. Fare kz-m s on-a.
    Mouse angry-Past he-Dat.
    The mouse has gotten angry at him." (Cb=theboy, retain)
Example #115:

    c. s rahat-sz           ed-il-dig-i          icin    her-hal-de. (Childes 20e)
    s comfort-without make-Pass-Ger-Acc because all-condition-Loc.
    ecause (he) was made uncomfortable probably." (Cb = mouse, s-shift)
Example #116:

    b1 . Ama bulamad.
    But       nd-Neg-Past.
    But (she) could not nd (him)."
Example #117:

    (45) a. cok uz-ul-mus-ler.
    very depress-Pass-ReportedPast-Pl.
    Ali and Karabas] became very depressed."
Example #118:

    b. Ve hemen cizme-ler-i-ni          ayag--na        gecir-mis Ali/# ,
    And at once boot-Pl-3Poss-Acc foot-3Poss-Dat pull-Past Ali
    And at once, he, Ali, pulled his boots on his feet."
Example #119:

    c. ve kurbaga-y ara-ma-ya git-me-ye karar ver-mis.
    and frog-Acc seek-Inf-Dat go-Inf-Dat decision give-Past.
    And (he) decided to go to look for the frog." (Childes, 20i.cha)
Example #120:

    b. Fare kz-m s on-a.
    Mouse angry-Past he-Dat.
    The mouse has gotten angry at him."
Example #121:

    c. s rahat-sz           ed-il-dig-i        icin     her-hal-de.
    s comfort-without make-Pass-Ger-Acc because all-condition-Loc
    ecause (he) was made uncomfortable probably." (Childes 20e.cha)
Example #122:

    (47) a. Ben-im/ de-dig-im-e          bosver-in     siz/ . (OVS)
    I-Gen say-Ger-1S-Dat ignore-2Ppolite you.
    You should ignore what I said."
Example #123:

    b. Brak-n            yaz-ma-y.
    leave-2Ppolite write-Inf-Acc.
    (You) should stop writing." (Bir k s Gunu, p.18)
Example #124:

    (50) a. Fatma bu kitab- kim-in yaz-d g-n] san-yor?
    Fatma this book-Acc who-Gen write-Ger-Acc] think-Prog?
    Who does Fatma think wrote this book?"
Example #125:

    (51) a. Fatma banka-da m cal s-an] kadn-                   tan-yor?
    Fatma bank-Loc Quest work-Rel] woman-Acc know-Prog?
    Is it the woman who works at the BANK that Fatma knows/has met?"
Example #126:

    b. Hayr, Fatma okulda cal s-an] kadn-                   tan-yor.
    No, Fatma school-Loc work-Rel] woman-Acc know-Prog?
    No, Fatma knows/has met the woman who works at the SCHOOL."
Example #127:

    (1) a. Fatma kimi aryor?
    Fatma who seek-Pres?
    Who is Fatma looking for?"
Example #128:

    (4) a. Fatma ne zaman git-ti?
    Fatma what time go-Past?
    When did Fatma leave?"
Example #129:

    b. Fatma bes-te git-ti.
    Fatma ve-Loc go-Past.
    Fatma left at FIVE."
Example #130:

    b. Bugun Fatma kitap okuyacak]F .
    Today Fatma book read-fut.
    Today,Fatma is going to read a BOOK]F
Example #131:

    (12) a. Fatma kimi aryor?
    Fatma who seek-Pres?
    Who is Fatma looking for?"
Example #132:

    (13) a. Git-ti mi Fatma?
    Go-Past Quest Fatma?
    Did she, Fatma, LEAVE?"
Example #133:

    b. Hayr, GIT-me-di Fatma.
    No, go-Neg-Past Fatma.
    No, she, Fatma, did NOT leave."
Example #134:

    (32) a. Fatma kimi ara-d?
    Fatma who seek-Past?
    Whom did Fatma call?"
Example #135:

    (34) a. Ben-i Ayse ara-d m?
    I-Acc Ayse seek-Past-Quest?
    Did Ayse call me?"