The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nino Amiridze (2002). On Georgian Reciprocals and Their Sub ject Uses.

URL: http://www.let.uu.nl/~Nino.Amiridze/personal/papers/reciprocals/reciprocals-handout.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2705&langcode=kat (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    "The friends cheer up each other"
Example #2:

    a. bavsv-eb-ma ertmanet-i      gaicnes
    child-PL-ERG RECIPROCAL-NOM they.got.acquainted.with.them
    "The children met each other"
Example #3:

    b. bavsv-eb-idan ert-ma ert-i    gaicno
    child-PL-from one-ERG one-NOM they.got.acquainted.with.him/her
    "One of the children met one (of the rest)"
Example #4:

    "I introduced them to each other"
Example #5:

    a. mei    ana-sj     da elene-sk
    I(ERG) Anna-DAT and Elene-DAT
    Lit.: I introduced to Anna and Elene each other
Example #6:

    anaj     da elenek
    Anna-NOM and Elene-NOM
    "I introduced Anna and Elene to each other"
Example #7:

    "We are surprised by something related to each other"
Example #8:

    b. gv-a-oc-eb-s
    "He/she/it/ surprises us"; "*They surprise us"
Example #9:

    c. gv-a-oc-eb-en
    "*He/*she/*it surprises us"; "They surprise us"
Example #10:

    cven    ertmanet-s      vaocebt
    we(NOM) RECIPROCAL-DAT we.surprise.them
    "We surprise each other"
Example #11:

    neure buruak          hilko nau
    my head-DET-ERG it.kills.me AUX
    going to kill me"
Example #12:

    *neure buru-a-k     ikusi nau      ni
    my.own head-DET-ERG seen me.has.it I
    Myself has seen me