The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Incheol Choi and Stephen Wechsler (2002). Mixed Categories and Argument Transfer in the Korean Light Verb Construction.

URL: http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~wechsler/LightVerb-HPSG.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2706&langcode=kor (2021-09-28).


Example #1:

    (1) a. John-i      Tom-kwa tayhwa-lul ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom Tom-with talk-Acc      do-past-Dec
    `John talked with Tom.'
Example #2:

    b. John-i       yenge-lul  kongpu-lul   ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom English-Acc    study-Acc    do-past-Dec
    "John studied English"
Example #3:

    (2) a. John-uy      Mary-wa-uy     tayhwa
    John-Gen Mary-with-Gen talk
    `John's talk with Mary.'
Example #4:

    (3) a. John-i     Mary-wa      mana-ass-ta
    John-Nom Mary-with meet-Pst-Dc
    `John met with Mary'
Example #5:

    b. Kuntay-ka tosi-lul pusu-ess-ta
    army-Nom city-Acc destroy-Pst-Dc
    `The army destroyed the city'
Example #6:

    (4)    *[John-i       Tom-wa      tayhwa-ka]       ciru-ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom Tom-with talk-Nom                boring-do-Pst-Dc
    `John's talk with Tom was boring'
Example #7:

    (7)    Chelswu-ka      mulihak-ul    yenkwu-cwung ...
    Chelswu-Nom physics-Acc research-during
    `While Chelswu was doing research on physics'
Example #8:

    (8)    Hankuk-i     [[ tampae-lul suip-ul]         kaepang-ul] ha-yess-ta
    Korea-Nom tobacco-Acc import-Acc open-Acc                 do-Pst-Dc
    `Korea opened (the tobacco market to) the import of tobaccos'
Example #9:

    (10)   John-i      Bill-kwa culkuwun tayhwa-lul ha-yess-ta.
    John-Nom Bill-with pleasant          talk-Acc do-Pst-Dc
    "John had a pleasant talk with Bill"
Example #10:

    (11) a. *John-i     yenge-lul        elyewun kongpu-lul ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom English-Acc difficult study-Acc do-Pst-Dc
    `John did a difficult study of English'
Example #11:

    b. John-i       nonmun-ul kyeklyelhakey/*kyeklyelhan pipan-chwung
    John-Nom thesis-Acc severely/severe                 criticism-during ...
    `while John severely criticize the thesis, ...
Example #12:

    (14) a. *kicha-uy tochak-i             ciyen-(ul) ha-yess-ta
    train-Gen Arrival-Nom         delay-Acc do-Pst-Dc
    `Arrival of the train was   delayed.'
Example #13:

    (15) a. *Hwanglyongsa-nun              cencayng-ttay sosil-(ul)        ha-yess-ta
    Hwanglyong.temple-Top         war-during     burning.down-Acc do-Pst-Dc
    `Hwanglyong temple was        burnt down during a war'
Example #14:

    (21) a. John-i       yenge-lul     kongpu-lul ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom English-Acc study-Acc do-past-Dc
    `John studied Engilsh'
Example #15:

    b. Yenge-ka         kongpu-ka cal toy-n-ta
    English-Nom study-Nom well toy-past-Dc
    `English is studied well.'
Example #16:

    b. *[John-i       cip-ulo t wenha-n] ka-ki
    John-Nom house-to want-Rel go-Nml
    (lit. `The going that John wanted home.')
Example #17:

    (i)      pihayngki-ka chulak-ul ha-yess-ta
    plane-Nom fall-Acc do-Pst-DC
    `An airplane crashed'
Example #18:

    (24) a. John-i     cip-ulo ka-ki-lul wenha-yess-ta.
    John-Nom house-to go-Nml want-Pst-Dc
    John wanted to go home.
Example #19:

    b. *John-i       cip-ulo kukes-ul wenha-yess-ta.
    John-Nom house-to it-Acc        want-Pst-Dc
    (e.g. What about walking?) John wanted to do it to his house.
Example #20:

    b. *John-i      [yenge-lul        kukes-ul]VNP ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom English-Acc         it-Acc          do-Pst-Dc
    (e.g. What about studying?...) `John did it of English'
Example #21:

    (i) [Mary-ka       emeni-eykey        phyenci-lul ssu-ki-nun]             mayil hay-yaha-n-ta.
    Mary-Nom       mother-Dat         letter-Acc     write-Nml-Top        daily do-should-Dc
    `As for Mary writing a letter to mother, she should do it every day.'
Example #22:

    (28)   [Kim-i      ppali/*ppalun             tochakha-yess-um-i]      hwaksilhata
    Kim-Nom quickly(adv)/quick(adj) arrive-Pst-Nml-Nom             is.obvious
    (lit. `Kim quickly arriving is obvious.')
Example #23:

    b. John-i     Tom-kwa [elyepkeAdv           tayhwa-lul]VNP ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom Tom-with with.difficulty talk-Acc                     do-Pst-Dc
    `John talked with Tom with difficulty.'
Example #24:

    c. John-i      [yenge-lul       elyepkeAdv          kongpu-lul]VNP ha-yess-ta
    John-Nom English-Acc with.difficulty study-Acc                  do-Pst-Dc
    `John did a study of English with difficulty'