The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Güldemann, Tom (2004). Preverbal objects and information structure in Benue-Congo.

URL: http://email.eva.mpg.de/~gueldema/pdf/OV-BenueCongo.pdf

(Last accessed ).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2716&langcode=vut (2021-06-15).


Example #1:

    (4)     yy ta            s-n   ni     t         ge    jk
    PROP PST:IPFV wash-IO ?            father 3S.POSS clothes
    `Yaya was washing clothes for    his father' (Thwing and Watters
Example #2:

    (5)     %gb          g jm ni
    3P     IPFV 3S beat ?
    `they are beating him' (Thwing   and Watters 1987: 100)
Example #3:

    (10)a. mvn yi                 wb-na t g cene
    chief REM.PST          buy-IO ? 3S        chicken
    `the chief bought      him a chicken'
Example #4:

    b. mvn yi                n      g cene        wb-na w
    chief REM.PST          NEG 3S       chicken buy-IO PFV.NEG
    `the chief did not     buy him a chicken'