ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Miriam Butt (2005). The Dative-Ergative Connection.

URL: http://ling.uni-konstanz.de/pages/home/butt/cssp05-hnd.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2719&langcode=urd (2021-06-15).

 

Example #1:

    (4) a. ram            gari       x rid-e-g-a
    Ram.M.Sg.Nom car.F.Sg.Nom buy-3.Sg-Fut-M.Sg
    `Ram will buy a/the car.'
Example #2:

    b. ram             gari=ko         x rid-e-g-a
    Ram.M.Sg.Nom car.F.Sg=Acc buy-3.Sg-Fut-M.Sg
    `Ram will buy the car (a specific car).'
Example #3:

    (10) a. ram             gari=ko   x rid-e-g-a
    Ram.M.Sg.Nom car.F.Sg=Acc buy-3.Sg-Fut-M.Sg
    `Ram will buy the car.'                                                  Urdu
Example #4:

    b. ram=ne        gari=ko     x rid-a
    Ram.M.Sg=Erg car.F.Sg=Acc buy-Perf.M.Sg
    `Ram has bought the car.'                                                 Urdu
Example #5:

    (12) a. nadya=ko        zu             ja-na      h
    Nadya.F.Sg=Dat zo o.M.Sg.Lo c go-Inf.M.Sg be.Pres.3.Sg
    `Nadya has/wants to go to the zo o.'                                           U
Example #6:

    (13) a. nadya=ne       k hani          yad       k-i
    Nadya.F.Sg=Erg story.F.Sg.Nom memory do-Perf.F.Sg
    `Nadya remembered the story (actively).'                                 Urdu
Example #7:

    b. nadya=ko       k hani          yad    a-yi
    Nadya.F.Sg=Dat story.F.Sg.Nom memory come-Perf.F.Sg
    `Nadya remembered the story (memory came to Nadya).' DatGoal Urdu
Example #8:

    (32) a. nadya=ne         zu              ja-na    h
    Nadya.F.Sg=Erg zo o.M.Sg.Lo c go-Inf.M.Sg be.Pres.3.Sg
    `Nadya wants to go to the zo o.'
Example #9:

    b. nadya=ko        zu             ja-na      h
    Nadya.F.Sg=Dat zo o.M.Sg.Lo c go-Inf.M.Sg be.Pres.3.Sg
    `Nadya has/wants to go to the zo o.'