The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Masaaki Kamiya (2005). Exceptional Q Particle Binding and Frozen Phenomena in Japanese.

URL: http://www.ling.upenn.edu/Events/PLC/registration/abstracts/25.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2721&langcode=jpn (2022-01-20).


Example #1:

    (2) Taroo-wa dare-ni ringo-o age-mo-si-nakat-ta.
    Taroo-Top anyone-to apple-Acc give-Q-do-Neg-Past
    `Taroo did not give anyone an apple.'
Example #2:

    (5) a. *Taroo-wa dare-ni hon-mo watasa-nakat-ta.
    Taroo-Top anyone-to book-Q hand-Neg-Past
    `Taroo did not hand anyone a book.'
Example #3:

    b. Taroo-wa dare-ni soodan-mo                  si-nakat-ta.
    Taroo-Top anyone-to consultation-Q do-Neg-Past
    `Taroo did not make a consultation with anyone.'
Example #4:

    (6) *Taroo-wa dare-ni [henna soodan]-mo                   si-nakat-ta.
    Taroo-Top anyone-to strange consultation-Q do-Neg-Past
    `Taroo did not make a strange consultation with anyone.'
Example #5:

    (7) Taroo-wa dare-ni [zaisan-no bunyo]-mo si-nakat-ta.
    Taroo-Top anyone-to fortune-Gen sharing-Q do-Neg-Past
    `Taroo did not share the fortune with anyone.'