The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Sean Madigan and Masahiro Yamada (2006). Asymmetry in Anaphoric Dependency.

URL: http://copland.udel.edu/~smadigan/IR_PLC_HO_Final.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2746&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    a. John-wa zibun-tachi-ni tsuite hanashita.
    John-Top self-PL           about talked
    `John talked about the group that include him' (Kawasaki 1989)
Example #2:

    b. John-ga        zibun-tachi-o hihan-shi-ta.
    John-Nom self-PL-ACC            hate-do-PST
    `(lit.) John hates themselves.'
Example #3:

    (10)a. John-wa        zibun-o      hihan-shi-ta-shi,           Mary-mo                   soo     shi-ta.
    John-TOP self-ACC           criticize-do-PST-and        Mary-also                 so      do-PAST
    `John criticized himself, and Mary criticized herself too.'
Example #4:

    b. John-wa        zibun-tachi-o hihan-shi-ta-shi,         Mary-mo      soo                   shi-ta.
    John-TOP self-PL-ACC           criticize-do-PST-and Mary-also so                          do-PST
    `John criticized his own group, and Mary criticized her own group too.'
Example #5:

    c. Japanese:      San-nin-no         gakusei-ga         zibun-o hihan-shi-ta.
    Three-CL           student-NOM self-ACC criticize-do-PST
    `(lit.) Three students criticized self.'
Example #6:

    (26)      a. Japanese: John-ga        zibun-tachi-o     hihan-shi-ta
    John-Nom self-PL-ACC            hate-do-PST
    `John hates themselves.'