The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

De Haan, Ferdinand (2001). Encoding Speaker Perspective: Evidentials.

URL: http://www.u.arizona.edu/~fdehaan/papers/boulder.pdf

(Last accessed ).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2753&langcode=xsu (2021-06-13).


Example #1:

    (7)    a.      ipa     sai     ha      hama töpö      hasu-ki             ke.
    my      house by        visitor 3PL    pass.by-FOC IMM.PAST.WIT
    `The visitors passed by my house.'                               (p. 28)
Example #2:

    b.              naha            a       ku-la-so         kupili.
    REL     like    REL     3SG     say-EXT-FOC DIST.PAST.WIT
    `Like that that one finally said.'                               (p. 153)
Example #3:

    (8)    a.      hi      ti-nö           a       hta              ku-le.
    stick   CLASS-INST 3SG          stand.upright PRES.WIT-near
    `It is standing upright by means of a stick.'                    (p. 23)
Example #4:

    b.      hi      ai      kutiata pö      kalol(o)-a       ku-lai.
    this    other canoe 3PL         float-DUR        PRES.WIT-obstructed
    `There are other canoes floating here (beyond the trees).'       (p. 166)
Example #5:

    (9)            na     töpö    ku        kule.
    REL     like   3PL     say       PRES.WIT
    `That is what they are saying.'                                          (p. 166
Example #6:

    (10)   hena    tehe   ma      tu        kase    hamö sa         samo            kuimani
    early TEMP water CLASS edge              along 1SG       go.upriver      PRES.LOC
    `The next morning I go away upstream along the bank of the river.'           (p.
Example #7:

    nao      a      wani   ha        huama          hisa             hãto-ma
    mother 3SG      DEPR AUD converse               at.home          secret-COM
    home.'                                                           (p. 92)
Example #8:

    b.     ... ti   a      thama-ti         ku-a           kölö-a
    wood AUD do-CONT                 be-DUR         LOC-DUR
    `... he is down there making firewood.'                          (p. 99)
Example #9:

    c.     kolo     hamö ai       töpö      a       wele-o-ki
    bottom LOC other 3PL             QUOT go.downriver-PUNCT.ITER-FOC
    `Others are going downriver.'                            (p. 178)
Example #10:

    d.              a      sai    ha        töpö    a               ku-ki
    REL      3SG    house at         3PL     QUOT            be-FOC
    `They stay at that house.'                                       (p. 187)
Example #11:

    (22)           a       hekula pö       ama     pö      a       to-pa         kölö
    REL     LOC spirit PL           song    PL      AUD join-EXT          LOC
    `It is down there that the songs of the hekula spirit are clear.'     (p. 238-9)