The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

PAUL AGBEDOR (1994). Verb Serialization in Ewe.

URL: http://www.njas.helsinki.fi/pdf-files/vol3num1/agbedor.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2756&langcode=ewe (2021-09-17).


Example #1:

    5. Ewe:        Kofi a nu u
    K. cook thing eat
    'Kofi cooked and ate'
Example #2:

    8a.   Me le agbale na Ama
    1sg buy book give A.
    'I bought a book for Ama'
Example #3:

    b.    Nye me le agbale na Ama o
    1sg NEG buy book give A. NEG
    'I did not buy a book for Ama'
Example #4:

    16. Adela da tu wu xevi
    Hunter shoot gun kill bird
    'The hunter shot and killed a bird'
Example #5:

    23. E - kpa ha dzi
    3sg compose song sing
    'He composed a song and sang it'
Example #6:

    41a. Kofi x nya la se
    K. receive word the hear
    'Kofi believed the message'
Example #7:

    (b). Kofi a-x nya la a-se
    K. FUT.-receive word the FUT.-hear
    'Kofi will believe the message'
Example #8:

    42. Kofi e awua le ka dzi da e x me
    K. remove shirt on rope top put LOC. room in
    'Kofi removed the shirt from the line and put it in the room'
Example #9:

    43. Kofi f agbaleawo le xa me da e gota
    K. collect book-the-PL. in room put LOC. outside
    'Kofi collected the books from the room and put them outside'
Example #10:

    46.   Kofi tutu devia dze anyi
    K. push child-the fall down
    'Kofi pushed the child and fell down'
Example #11:

    49a. Kofi no tsi ku
    K. drink water die
    'Kofi died by drinking water'
Example #12:

    b. Nuka Kofi no ku?
    What K. drink die?
    'What did Kofi drink and died?'
Example #13:

    c.   Kofi me no tsi ku o
    K. NEG. drink water die NEG.
    'Kofi did not die by drinking water'
Example #14:

    50a. Kofi o devia si
    Kofi beat child-the flee
    'Kofi beat the child and fled'
Example #15:

    b. Ameka Kofi o si?
    Person-which K. beat flee
    'Who did Kofi beat and fled'
Example #16:

    c.   Kofi me-o devia si o
    K. NEG-beat child-the flee
    'Kofi did not beat the child and flee'
Example #17:

    53.    Kofi tutu evia w dze anyi
    K. push child the 3sg. fall down
    'Kofi pushed the child down'4
Example #18:

    54.    Xevia dz dz
    bird the fly go
    'The bird flew away'
Example #19:

    57a. Kofi o devia wu
    K. beat child the kill
    'Kofi beat the child to death'
Example #20:

    62a. Esia nana amewo susuna be nuwuwua o
    This make-HAB. people think-HAB. thet end-the arrive
    'This makes people think that the end is near'
Example #21:

    64a. Atike ae-wo wa [ame drzii]
    medicine INDEF.-pl make person weak
    'Some drugs make people weak'