The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ameka, Felix K. (2005). Multiverb constructions in a West African areal typological perspective.

URL: http://edvarda.hf.ntnu.no/ling/tross/ameka_TROSS03_paper.pdf

(Last accessed ).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2785&langcode=ewe (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    (2)     Mi-nO               yi-yi-m! m-v
    2PL-be.at:NPRES RED-go 1SG:POT-come
    `You be going (and) I will come (i.e. follow)'
Example #2:

    (3)        tu-i                n          me-m           o
    2SG-grind-3SG CONSEC 3SG:NEG-fine               NEG
    `Grind it and let it not be too fine'
Example #3:

    (6)      -a           n n m m-u
    3SG-cook thing DAT 1PL 1PL-eat
    `She cooked for us and we ate'
Example #4:

    Me-de        -didi
    1SG-reach 3SG.IMPERS-be.far
    `I have been (to these meetings) it is a long time now'
Example #5:

    (9)       -yO!-m         nye-m-tO           o
    3SG-call-1SG 1SG-NEG-respond NEG
    `He/She called me, I did not respond'
Example #6:

    (11)       w-a-a          te   -gba-e           nyuie ...
    EWE        3PL-IRR-cook yam IRR-break-3SG well
    `They should cook yam (and) mash it well ...' (Nyaku 1997b:2)
Example #7:

    kple! aatsi blobloblo nO               di-wo-m!    va! gbO-nye-e
    COM tear       IDEO      be.at:NPRES seek-2SG-PROG come place-1SG-PRED
    `Your spouse was restlessly looking for you at my place fixated in tears' (Ayeke
Example #8:

    (29) a Kof     bO-O          Ama ku-u        *(no)
    AKAN NAME. strike-PAST Ama kill-PAST 3SG
    `Kofi hit Ama and killed her' (Campbell 1996)
Example #9:

    b Kofi o Kwami          wu
    EWE Kofi strike Kwami      kill
    `Kofi hit Kwami and killed him'
Example #10:

    (30)     ye     w- n w-no            aha       h-k   aha
    EWE      and     3SG give 3SG-drink alcohol ITIVE-die alcohol
    and   made him drink alcohol and he got dead drunk'
Example #11:

    (34)        Af yi a-yO!-e
    EWE         NAME go ALTRI-call-3SG
    `Aeafa went to call him' (Obianim 1990 [5030])
Example #12:

    (37)    W-m-kO!              sO o
    EWE     3PL-NEG-become.tall equal NEG
    `They are not the same height'
Example #13:

    b ev-a         m-a          fufu u o.          -a-e dzr
    child-DEF     NEG-cook      fufu eat NEG 3SG-cook-3SG sell
    `The child   didn't cook   fufu and ate. It cooked it and sold it'
Example #14:

    c ev-a         m-a          fufu u o.          -dze       kk no
    child-DEF     NEG-cook      fufu eat NEG 3SG-buy porridge drink
    `The child   didn't cook   fufu and eat. She bought porridge and drank'