The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Cote, Sharon (1996). Grammatical and Discourse Properties of Null Arguments in English, Chapter 1.

URL: http://falcon.jmu.edu/~cotesa/chapter1.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 28&langcode=jpn (2022-01-20).


Example #1:

    (4).                     Ringo o hitotu tabeta.
    apple-obj one ate
    "I ate an apple (lit.) one-ly" (Kuno 1973:26)
Example #2:

    (5).                     Ano hito wa saikin doosite imasu ka?
    that person TOP recently how        is     Q
    "How is he doing these days?       (Kuno 1973:282)
Example #3:

    (13).                  a.      Hanako wa Taroo o aimasita.
    TOP       OBJ met
    "Hanako met Taroo." (Speaking of Hanako, she met Taroo.)
Example #4:

    b.      Taroo wa Hanako ga aimasita.
    TOP         SUBJ met
    "Hanako met Taroo." (As for Taroo, Hanako met him.)
Example #5:

    b.     Hai, gakkoo de syookaisita no desu.
    yes, school at introduced
    "Yes, (he! ) introduced (him# ) (to her") at school.