ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Lindsey Newbold (2002). Plurals and the Seriative Prefix in Navajo.

URL: http://www.swarthmore.edu/SocSci/Linguistics/papers/2002/LindseyNewbold.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2824&langcode=nav (2021-06-15).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      haa-sh-jiid
    up-I-lug.Impf
    `I carry it up on my back (once).' (NLA 20012)
Example #2:

    (2)      ha-ha-sh-jiid
    up-seriative-I-lug.Impf
    `I carry a series of things up on my back.'(NLA 2001)
Example #3:

    (1)      haa-sh-jiid
    up-I-lug.heavy.object.Impf
    `I carry it up on my back (once).' (NLA 2001)
Example #4:

    (5)      hi-s-ms
    ser.-I-roll
    `I roll them into it one after another.'3 (Faltz 1998: 344)
Example #5:

    (2)    ha    -ha-sh-jiid
    up-seriative-I-lug.Impf
    `I carry a series of things up on my back.'(NLA 2001)
Example #6:

    (6)    yi   -yii--ms
    3rdperson obj.-ser.-classifier-roll.perf.
    `He/she/it rolled them into it one after another' (Faltz 1998:344)
Example #7:

    (13)    ne-he-l-dlsh
    cessative-seriative-cl.-moving-on-four-legs.Impf
    `They're coming to a point, one at a time (on 4 legs).' (NLA 2001)
Example #8:

    (3)    hee-sh-tl
    ser.-I-slide.Progressive
    `I drag it along end by end.' (YMM 1992:439)
Example #9:

    (14)   hi-sh-chh
    ser-I-hobble.Impf
    `I hop, hobble.' (YMM 1992: 72)
Example #10:

    (21)    nii-jeeh
    terminal-(null cl.)-handle.plural.objects.impf
    `They lie down, recline.' (YM 1992 262)
Example #11:

    (22)    ha-ha-sh-th
    out-ser-I-handle-sg.sticklike.obj
    `I pull them out (of something) one after another' (YM 1992:475)
Example #12:

    (27)    nii-l-dlsh
    cessative-cl.-moving-on-4-legs.Impf
    `(4-legged animal) is coming to a point, crawling'
Example #13:

    (13)    ne-he-l-dlsh
    cessative-seriative-cl.-moving-on-four-legs.Impf
    `They're coming to a point, one at a time (on 4 legs).' (NLA 2001)
Example #14:

    (28)    naalnoodii haa-l-nood
    lizard    up-cl.-dart.long.object.Impf (YMM 1992: 464)
    `A lizard darts up.'
Example #15:

    (29)    naalnoodii ha-ha-l-nood
    lizard     up-ser-cl-dart.long obj.Impf
    `Lizards come darting up one after another.' (YM 1980: d390)
Example #16:

    (33)    haa--jiid
    up/out-cl.- lug.Impf
    `3rd person brings out a pack of something'
Example #17:

    (34)    ha-yii--jiid
    up/out-ser.-cl.-lug.Impf
    `3rd sing. brings a series of things out' (Perkins 2001)
Example #18:

    (35)    h--ms
    3rdperson obj.- cl.-roll.perf.
    `3rd person rolls it into it'
Example #19:

    (36)    yi-yii--ms
    3rdperson obj.-ser.-cl.-roll.perf.
    `3rd sing rolls it or them, e.g. ball(s) or marble(s)' (Perkins 2001)
Example #20:

    (41)    bi-zaa-s-sd
    3rdobj-mouth-I-handle-streaming.object
    `I pour O into P's mouth.' (YMM 1992: 749)
Example #21:

    (42)    yi-zah-yii-ziid
    3rdobj.-mouth-ser -handle-streaming object
    `spoon liquid into (baby's) mouth one spoonful after another'
Example #22:

    (45)    haa-sh-jh
    out-I-handle.plural.objects.Impf
    `I take out plural objects' (YMM 1992: 257)
Example #23:

    (46)    ha-ha-sh-jh
    out-ser-I-handle.plural.objects.Impf
    `I take handfuls of plural objects out' (in succession) (NLA 2001)
Example #24:

    (48)    hi-sh-ghaa
    ser-I-move.Impf
    `I am wiggling.' (Smith 2000:216)
Example #25:

    (49)    yi-sh-
    I-walk.sing.Prog
    `I am walking along' (YMM 1992: 674)
Example #26:

    (50)    hee-sh-
    ser-I-walk.sing.Prog
    `I shuffle along, step along' (YM 1980: 438)
Example #27:

    (29)     naalnoodii ha-ha-l-nood
    lizard      up-ser-cl-dart.long obj.Impf
    `Lizards come darting up one after another.' (YM 1980: d390)
Example #28:

    (63)    hee-sh-hl
    ser.-I-handle.burden
    `I am tugging it along, taking first one end and then another' (YM 1980: 438)
Example #29:

    (64)    ne-he-s-xs
    across-ser.-I-scratch
    `I scratch him repeatedly' (YM 1980:d621)
Example #30:

    (66)    chidi yi-hi-di-l-niish
    car 3rdobj-ser-inceptive-cl.-work
    `He repetitively starts work on the car (every morning)' (Perkins 2001)
Example #31:

    (73)    hi-sh-ghaa
    ser-I-move.Impf
    `I am wiggling.' (Smith 2000:216)
Example #32:

    (74)    yisd-h-sh-chh
    safety-ser.-I-hobble
    'I hobble to safety' (YM 1992: 72)