ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Minjeong Son and Peter Cole (2003). The Syntax and Semantics of -kan and Event Structure in Standard Indonesian.

URL: http://www.ling.udel.edu/karmamin/NELS_handout.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2837&langcode=ind (2021-09-27).

 

Example #1:

    (4) a.       Tika memanggang roti itu (untuk Eric).
    Tika meN-bake        bread the for Eric
    `Tika baked the bread for Eric'
Example #2:

    b.    Tika memanggang-kan Eric roti itu.
    Tika meN-bake-KAN Eric bread the
    `Tika baked Eric the bread.'
Example #3:

    (5) a.       Eric membuat rumah-rumahan itu (untuk anak-nya).
    Eric meN-make RED-house             the for child-3
    'Eric made the toy house for his child.'
Example #4:

    b.    Eric membuat-kan           anak-nya rumah-rumahan itu.
    Eric meN-make-KAN child-3            RED-house-AN the
    'Eric made his child the toy house.'
Example #5:

    (6) a. Ayahku      mem-bawa kamus             itu (untuk saya).
    father-1SG meN-bring dictionary the for 1SG.
    `My father brought the dictionary for me.'
Example #6:

    b.   Ayahku      mem-bawa-kan saya kamus     itu.
    father-1SG meN-bring-KAN 1SG dictionary the
    `My father brought me the dictionary.'
Example #7:

    (7) a.    Eric dipanggang-kan roti itu (oleh Tika).
    Eric DI-bake-KAN        bread the (by Tika)
    `Eric was baked that bread (by Tika).'
Example #8:

    b.   *Roti itu dipanggang-kan Eric (oleh Tika).
    bread the DI-bake-KAN          Eric (by Tika)
    `That bread was baked for Eric (by Tika).'
Example #9:

    (8) a.    Tika memanggang-kan roti         itu untuk Eric.
    Tika meN-bake-KAN          bread the for   Eric
    `Tika baked the bread for Eric.'
Example #10:

    b.   Eric membuat-kan         rumah-rumahan itu untuk anak-nya.
    Eric meN-make-KAN RED-house-AN the for           child-3
    'Eric made the toy house for his child.'
Example #11:

    c.   Ayahku      mem-bawa-kan         kamus     itu untuk saya.
    father-1SG meN-bring-KAN dictionary the for          1SG
    `My father brought the dictionary for me.'
Example #12:

    (9) a.     Roti itu dipanggang-kan untuk Eric.
    bread the DI-bake-KAN for        Eric
    `That bread was baked for Eric.'
Example #13:

    b.     Rumah-rumahan itu dibuat-kan           untuk anak-nya.
    RED-house-an the DI-make-KAN for             child-3
    'The toy-house was made for his child.
Example #14:

    c.     Kamus      itu di-bawa-kan       untuk saya.
    dictionary the DI-bring-KAN for        1SG
    `The dictionary was brought for me.'
Example #15:

    (10) a. Roti itu dipanggang-kan.
    bread the DI-bake-KAN
    `That bread was baked for someone.'
Example #16:

    b. Rumah-rumahan itu dibuat-kan.
    RED-house-an the DI-make-KAN
    'The toy-house was made for someone.'
Example #17:

    (11) a. Roti itu     dipanggang.
    bread the DI-bake
    `That bread was baked.'
Example #18:

    b. Rumah-rumahan itu dibuat.
    RED-house-an     the DI-make
    'The toy-house was made.'
Example #19:

    (12) a.    Tika memanggang-kan Eric             roti  itu.
    Tika meN-bake-KAN            Eric    bread the
    `Tika baked Eric the bread.'
Example #20:

    b.     Tika memanggang-kan roti              itu untuk Eric.
    Tika meN-bake-KAN            bread    the for   Eric
    `Tika baked the bread for Eric.'
Example #21:

    (13)       Tika   memanggang        roti     itu untuk Eric.
    Tika   meN-bake          bread     the for         Eric
    (ii)   `Tika baked the   bread   in place of Eric (since Eric was busy).'
Example #22:

    (15) a. *Saya men-(p)anggang-kan perayaan ulangtahun Eric biskuit itu
    1SG meN-bake-KAN                  celebration birthday Eric biscuit the
    `I baked a biscuit for Eric's birthday.'
Example #23:

    b. *Dia mem-buat-kan perayaan Halloween rumah-rumahan itu
    3SG meN-build-KAN celebration Halloween RED-house-AN the
    `He built a toy house for Halloween.'
Example #24:

    (16) a. Saya men-(p)anggang-kan biscuit itu untuk perayaan ulangtahun Eric
    1SG meN-bake-KAN            biscuit the for celebration birthday Eric
    `I baked someone the biscuit for Eric's birthday.'
Example #25:

    b. Dia mem-buat-kan rumah-rumahan itu untuk perayaan  Halloween
    3SG meN-build-KAN RED-house-AN the for celebration Halloween
    `He built someone the toy house for Halloween.'
Example #26:

    (17)3  Saya menyulam baju                  hangat ini untuk bayi kita.
    1SG meN-knit shirt                  warm this for         baby 1PL
    `I knitted this sweater for        our baby.
Example #27:

    (18) a. Saya menyulam-kan              bayi kita baju hangat ini.
    1SG meN-knit-KAN               baby 1PL shirt warm this
    `I knitted our baby this      sweater.'
Example #28:

    b. Saya menyulam-kan baju hangat ini untuk bayi kita
    1SG meN-knit-KAN shirt warm this for baby 1PL
    `I knitted this sweater for our baby (with the baby being a prospective possesso
Example #29:

    (19) a. John memberi-kan surat itu kepada Peter
    John meN-give-KAN letter the to   Peter
    `John gave a letter to Peter.'
Example #30:

    b. Surat itu diberi-kan        kepada Peter (oleh John).
    letter the DI-give-KAN to          Peter (by John)
    `The letter was given to Peter.'
Example #31:

    (20) a. Dia menyerah-kan          perkerjaan itu kepada saya.
    3 SG meN-entrust-KAN job             the to     1SG
    `He entrusted the job to me.'                                            (Dardjo
Example #32:

    b.    Perkerjaan itu diserah-kan         kepada saya (oleh dia).
    Job        the DI-entrust-KAN to          1SG (by 3SG)
    `The job was entrusted to me (by him).'
Example #33:

    c.    *Saya diserah-kan         perkerjaan itu (oleh dia).
    1SG DI-entrust-KAN job               the by 3SG
    `I was entrusted the job (by him).'
Example #34:

    (21) a.      Wim menuang        air  itu.
    Wim meN-pour water the
    `Wim poured the water.'
Example #35:

    b. Wim menuang-(kan) air         itu ke dalam ember itu.
    Wim meN-pour-KAN water the to in           bucket the
    `Wim poured water into the bucket.'
Example #36:

    (22) a.      Dia menempel         gambar itu.
    3SG meN-patch        picture the
    `He glued the picture.'
Example #37:

    b. Dia menempel-(kan) gambar itu ke tembok.
    3SG meN-patch-KAN picture the to wall
    `He stuck pictures on(to) the wall.'
Example #38:

    (23) a.      Tika melempar bola itu.
    Tika meN-throw ball the
    `Tika threw the ball.'
Example #39:

    b.    Tika melempar-(kan) bola itu ke dalam keranjang sampah itu
    Tika meN-throw-KAN ball the to in       can     trash  the
    `Tika threw the ball to the trash can.'
Example #40:

    (33) a. Eric membuat-kan           anak-nya rumah-rumahan itu
    Eric meN-make-KAN child-3           RED-house-AN the
    'Eric made his child a toy house.'
Example #41:

    b. Eric membuat-kan        rumah-rumahan itu untuk anak-nya
    Eric meN-make-KAN RED-house-AN the for           child-3
    'Eric made a toy house for his child.'
Example #42:

    (42)       Ali memberi-kan surat itu untuk/kepada                Peter
    Ali meN-give-KAN letter the for/to                    Peter
    `Ali gave a letter to Peter.'
Example #43:

    (46) a. Wim menuang air
    Wim meN-pour water
    `Wim poured water.'
Example #44:

    b. Wim menuang-(kan) air ke dalam ember.
    Wim meN-pour-KAN water to in        bucket
    `Wim poured water into the bucket.'
Example #45:

    (47) a.      Dia menempel            gambar itu.
    3SG meN-patch-KAN pictures the
    `He glued the picture.'
Example #46:

    b.    Dia menempel-(kan) gambar itu ke tembok.
    3SG meN-patch-KAN picture that to wall
    `He stuck pictures on(to) the wall.'
Example #47:

    (48) a.      Tika melempar bola itu.
    Tika meN-throw ball the
    `Tika threw the ball.'
Example #48:

    b.    Tika melempar-(kan) bola itu ke dalam keranjang sampah
    Tika meN-throw-KAN ball the to in       can      trash
    `Tika threw the ball to the trash can.'