ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Onur Tolga Sehitoglu (1996). A SIGN-BASED PHRASE STRUCTURE GRAMMAR FOR TURKISH.

URL: http://www.ceng.metu.edu.tr/~onur/papers/sehitoglu-ms-thesis.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2846&langcode=tur (2021-06-14).

 

Example #1:

    (14) a.    ev       -imiz -de      -ki     -nin
    house -1PP -Loc -Rlvz -Gen
    `of the one that is in our house'
Example #2:

    (15) a. Benim kapidaki         kirmizi arabam
    ben-Gen door-Loc-Rlvz red      car-1SP
    `my red car at the door'
Example #3:

    (17) a. Adam bah¸cede   ¸siir yaziyordu
    man garden-Loc poem write-Prog-Asp-3Sg
    `The man was writing poem in the garden'
Example #4:

    (18) a. Ger¸cekten onun sinavi     kazanmasini      herkes istemi¸sti.
    really     he-Gen exam-Acc pass-Inf-3Sg-Acc everyone want-Past-Asp
    `Everybody realy wanted him to pass the exam.'
Example #5:

    d. Bakkaldan dun¨       aldigim      kalem kirildi
    store-Abl yesterday buy-Rel-1Sg pencil break-Pass-Past-3Sg
    `The pencil that I bought yesterday from the store was broken'
Example #6:

    c. Mehmet ekme gi    adama verdi.
    Mehmet bread-Acc man-Dat give-Past-3Sg
    `Mehmet gave the man the bread.'
Example #7:

    (22) Kitabin masada duruyor.
    book-2SP table-Loc stand-Prog-3Sg
    `Your book lays on the table'
Example #8:

    c. Ahmet kedilerden nefret eder.
    Ahmet cat-Plu-Abl hate--Pres-3Sg
    `Ahmet hates cats.'
Example #9:

    (24) a. Arabanin anahtarini unuttum.
    car-Gen key-3SP-Acc forget-Past-1Sg
    `I forgot the key of the car.'
Example #10:

    b. Senin    kalemini         kullandim.
    you-Gen pencil-2SP-Acc use-Past-1Sg
    `I have used your pencil.'
Example #11:

    (26) a. Kampanya vatanda¸ slarca destekleniyor.
    campaign citizen-Plu-Equ support-Pass-Prog-3Sg
    `The campaign is supported by citizens.'
Example #12:

    (30) a. bah¸cenin    kapisi
    garden-Gen gate-3SP
    `the gate of the garden'
Example #13:

    (32) a. Yazdiklarimiz bazi insanlari rahatsiz edecek.
    write-Part-1PP some people-Acc disturbed make-Fut
    `What we have written will disturb some people.'
Example #14:

    b. Yolda     bir kalem buldum.
    road-Loc a pencil find-Past-1Sg
    `I found a pencil on the street.'
Example #15:

    c. Ilk sinavimi ge¸   ctim.
    first exam-1SP pass-Past-1Sg
    `I passed my first exam.'
Example #16:

    d. yazarin     her kitabi
    author-Gen every book-3SP
    `every book of the author'
Example #17:

    (35) a. Bu ikinci kitabi        pek be genmedim
    this second book-Acc much like-Neg-Past-1Sg
    `I didn't like the second book much'
Example #18:

    (36) a. yazarin     bir kitabi
    author-Gen a book-3SP
    `a book of the author'
Example #19:

    b. kitabin    bu sayfasi
    book-Gen this page-3SP
    `this page of the book'
Example #20:

    c. ilk seminerin      konu¸ smacisi
    first seminar-Gen speaker-3SP
    `the speaker of the first seminar'
Example #21:

    (37) a. duvar boyasi
    wall paint-3SP
    `wall paint'
Example #22:

    b. duvarin boyasi
    wall-Gen paint-3SP
    `the paint of the wall'
Example #23:

    b. o    dere yata   gi
    that stream bed-3SP
    `that river bed'
Example #24:

    g. evin duvar boyasi
    home wall paint-3SP
    `wall paint of the house'
Example #25:

    b. hassas ikili ili¸skiler
    sensitive dual relationship-Plu
    `sensitive dual relationships'
Example #26:

    (43) a. iki bardak sut¨
    two glass milk
    `two glasses of milk'
Example #27:

    b. yarim somun ekmek
    half loaf      bread
    `half loaf of bread'
Example #28:

    c. birer dilim pasta
    by-one slice cake
    `a slice of cake (for each)'
Example #29:

    (48) a. Arkada¸ simin  annesi        hasta.
    friend-1SP-Gen mother-3SP ill
    `My friend's mother is ill.'
Example #30:

    annesi      hasta olan arkada¸  sim
    mother-3SP ill    be-Rel friend-1SP
    `my friend whose mother is ill'
Example #31:

    (50)      Kitabi    kiza    geri verdim.
    book-Acc girl-Dat back give-Past-1Sg
    `I gave back the book to the girl.'
Example #32:

    a. kiza     geri verdigim     kitap
    girl-Dat back give-Rel-1Sg book-Acc
    `The book that I gave back to the girl.'
Example #33:

    b. kitabi     geri verdigim   kiz
    book-Acc back give-Rel-1Sg girl
    `The girl to whom I gave back the book.'
Example #34:

    b. kitabi     geri verecegim kiz
    book-Acc back give-Rel-1Sg girl
    `the girl to whom I will give back the book'
Example #35:

    c. unutkanli giyla bilinen         sen
    forgetful-3Sg-Ins know-Pass-Rel you
    `you who are known as forgetful'
Example #36:

    d. Ailemizdeki         diger/ikinci Mehmet dedemdir.                                .
    family-1PP-Loc-Rlvz other/second Mehmet grandfather-1SP-Cop
    `The other/second Mehmet in our family is my grandfather'
Example #37:

    b. sokak boyunca
    street along
    `along the street'
Example #38:

    simdiye dek
    now-Dat until
    `until now'
Example #39:

    b. Kanepedeki      gazeteyi       okudum.
    couch-Loc-Rlvz newspaper-Acc read-Past-1Sg
    `I read [ the newspaper on the couch].'
Example #40:

    c. Kanepede gazeteyi         okudum.
    couch-Loc newspaper-Acc read-Past-1Sg
    `I read the newspaper [ on the couch].'
Example #41:

    b. Ak¸ sam ak¸sam canimizi         sikti.
    evening evening soul-1PP-Acc bother-Past-3Sg
    `It bothered us at this time of the evening.'
Example #42:

    (67) a. A gaci budaya budaya bi¸  cimlendirdi.
    tree-Acc prune prune shape-Past-3Sg
    `He/she shaped the tree pruning.'
Example #43:

    b. Oturup konu¸  salim
    sit-down talk--Wish-1Pl
    `Let's sit down and talk.'
Example #44:

    (70) a. Eve          varinca seni     ararim.
    house-Dat arrive you-Acc call-Pres-1Sg
    `I'll call you when I arrive home.'
Example #45:

    (74) a. Adam topa      sert vurdu.
    man ball-Dat hard hit-Past-3Sg
    'The man hit the ball hard.'
Example #46:

    b. Kitabin arabadaydi.
    book-2SP car-Loc-Aux
    '(Your) book was in the car.'
Example #47:

    c. Benimki en hizli arabadir.
    I-Gen-Pro most fast car-Cop
    'Mine(my car) is the fastest car.'
Example #48:

    f. Sokakta kimse yok.
    street-Loc nobody not-exist
    'There is (there exists) no one on the street.'
Example #49:

    b. Yarin      sinemaya gidelim.
    tomorrow cinema-Dat go-Wish-1Pl
    `Let's go to the cinema tomorrow.'
Example #50:

    c. Buzdolabinda hi¸   cbir ¸  sey kalmami¸   sti.
    refrigerator-Loc no-at-all thing remain-Neg-Past-Asp-3Sg
    `Nothing was left at all in the refrigerator.'
Example #51:

    Kitap okuyordu.
    book read-Prog-Asp-3Sg
    `He/she was reading a book.'
Example #52:

    (81)      Bardaklar rafta.
    glass-Plu shelf-Loc-(Cop)
    `The glasses are on the shelf.'
Example #53:

    (83)      Cem evde       degildi.
    Cem house-Loc not-Aux-3Sg
    `Cem wasn't at home.'
Example #54:

    b. Burada kimse     yok.
    here    anybody non-existent
    `There isn't anybody here.'
Example #55:

    c. Arabasi yokmu¸   s.
    car-POSS non-existent
    `She/he doesn't have a car.'
Example #56:

    b. Burada kimse olmayacak.
    here    nobody be-Fut-3Sg
    `There won't be anybody here.'
Example #57:

    (88) a. Ko¸ smaktan yoruldum.
    run-Inf-Abl tire-Pass-Past-1Sg
    `I got tired of running.'
Example #58:

    b. Kizmakta          haklisin.
    get-angry-Inf-Loc right-Cop(2Sg)
    `You are right to be angry.'
Example #59:

    (107)       sarayin     kapisi
    palace-Gen door-3SP
    `door of the palace'
Example #60:

    d. (o) (benim) En yakin arkada¸   simdir.
    (he) (I-Gen) most close friend-1SP-Cop(3Sg)
    `He is my best friend.'