The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Chun-ming Wu & Henry Yungli Chang (2005). Noun Incorporation in Paiwan.

URL: http://ccms.ntu.edu.tw/~gilntu/data/workshop%20on%20Austronesian/15%20wu%20&%20Chang.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2863&langcode=niu (2021-06-15).


Example #1:

    a. takafaga tumau      ni          e     ia          e   t au   ika
    hunt      always EMPH ERG he                      ABS PL     fish
    `He's always fishing (hunting fish).'
Example #2:

    b. tagafaga   ika      tumau   ni a                  ia
    hunt       fish always EMPH ABS                   he
    `He's always fish-hunting.'
Example #3:

    a . ne    inu kofe        kono      a  Mele
    Past drink coffee     bitter   ABS Mary
    `Mary drank bitter coffee.'
Example #4:

    b. ke      kumi mena ke           nonofo ai             a  lautolu
    SJTV seek thing SJTV settle               there     ABS they
    `that they would seek a place to settle.'