The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Anthony R. Davis and Jean-Pierre Koenig (1999). Linking as constraints on word classes in a hierarchical lexicon.

URL: http://folli.loria.fr/cds/1999/library/pdf/davis.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2867&langcode=nya (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    c. Mfumu i-na-gw-ets-er-idw-er-a              miyala pa-tsindwi
    chief sm-pst-fall-caus-ap-pass-ap-fv stones on.the.roof
    `The stones were made to fall on the roof for the chief.' (with `the chief ' as
Example #2:

    b. Asodzi    a-ku-pony-er-a        pa-tsindwi miyala
    fishermen sm-pres-throw-ap-fv on.the.roof stones
    `Fishermen are throwing stones on the roof '
Example #3:

    (39) a. A-na-wa-patsa      ana
    sm-pst-om-give-fv children
    `They gave them to the children' (Mchombo, p.c.)
Example #4:

    b. Nungu       i-na-phik-its-a    kadzidi maungu
    9-porcupine 9s-ps-cook-caus-fv 1a-owl 6-pumpkins
    `The porcupine made the owl cook the pumpkins' (example from Alsina (1992))