ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Richard Compton (2004). On quantifiers and bare nouns in Inuktitut*.

URL: http://r1.chass.utoronto.ca/twpl/pdfs/twpl23-1/Compton_TWPL23.1.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2895&langcode=ike (2021-09-27).

 

Example #1:

    (2)     Jak-up iglu sana-vaa.                                                           (Mittimatalik)
    Jake-ERG house(ABS) build-IND.3SG/3SG
    `Jake is building the house.'
Example #2:

    (3)     anguti niri-vuq                                                                 (Mittimatalik)
    man(ABS) eat-IND.3SG
    `the man is eating'
Example #3:

    (4)     Jake        sana-vuq         iglu-mik.                                          (Mittimatalik)
    Jake(ABS) build-IND.3SG house-ACC
    `Jake is building a house.'1
Example #4:

    (5)     iqaluk-tu-tuinna-suu-u-j-u-a                                                    (Iglulik)
    fish-eat-only-one.who-COP-IND-INTR-1SG
    `I only eat fish.'2
Example #5:

    b. Taivit-mik Suusan nagligusuk-puq
    David-acc Susan love-3sg.intr.indic
    `Susan loves David.'
Example #6:

    c. Taivit-mik nagligusuk-puq     Suusan
    David-acc love-3sg.intr.indic Susan
    `Susan loves David.'
Example #7:

    d. nagligusuk-puq      Taivit-mik Suusan
    love-3sg.intr.indic David-acc Susan
    `Susan loves David.'
Example #8:

    e. nagligusuk-puq Suusan Taivit-mik
    love-3sg.intr.indic Susan David-acc
    `Susan loves David.'
Example #9:

    f. Suusan nagligusuk-puq Taivit-mik
    Susan love-3sg.intr.indic David-acc
    `Susan loves David.'
Example #10:

    (7)        a. ima-tuaq
    water-TUAQ
    `The only one that is water.'
Example #11:

    b. ima-innaq
    water-INNAQ
    `The one that is only water.'
Example #12:

    c. ima-tuinnaq
    water-TUINNAQ
    `Only the one that is water'
Example #13:

    (8)        a. umia-tuaq
    boat-TUAQ
    `The only one that is a boat.'
Example #14:

    b. umia-nginnaq5
    boat-INNAQ
    `The one that is only a boat.'
Example #15:

    c. umia-tuinnaq
    boat-TUINNAQ
    `Only the one that is a boat.'
Example #16:

    (10)     a. isuma-ttua-t-u-q
    think-TUAQ-DEC-INTR-3SG
    `He/she is only thinking.'
Example #17:

    b. isuma-inna-t-u-q
    think-INNAQ-DEC-INTR-3SG
    `He/she is only thinking.'
Example #18:

    c. isuma-tuinna-t-u-q
    think-TUINNAQ-DEC-INTR-3SG
    `He/she is only thinking.'
Example #19:

    (12)       tamar-mi    ani-j-u-t
    TAMA-3SG leave-DEC-INTR-PL
    `Everybody left.'
Example #20:

    (13)       a. tamat-ta      ani-j-u-gut
    TAMA-1PL leave-DEC-INTR-1PL
    `All of us left.'
Example #21:

    b. taman-nuk ani-j-u-guk
    TAMA-1DU leave-DEC-INTR-1DU
    `Both of us left.'
Example #22:

    c. tamas-si      ani-g-itti
    TAMA-2PL leave-IMP-2PL
    `All of you leave!'
Example #23:

    d. tamar-mi      ani-j-u-t
    TAMA-3.SG leave-DEC-INTR-PL/DU
    `All of them left.'
Example #24:

    e. tamar-mi-k    ani-j-u-t
    TAMA-3-DU leave-DEC-INTR-PL/DU
    `Both of them left.'
Example #25:

    (15)    tamar-mi        iglu-t    miua-lauq-t-a-kka
    TAMA-3SG house-PL paint-PAST-DEC-TR-1SG.3PL
    `I painted all (of) the houses.'
Example #26:

    (18)    ujarali-up      tamar-mi arna-it                palisi-u-j-u-t
    ujaralik-GEN TAMA-3 woman-3PL.ACC police-COP-DEC-TR-PL
    `All the women of U. are police.'
Example #27:

    (20)    ujarali-up arna-it           tamarmi qaatasuqti-t
    ujaralik-GEN woman-3PL.ACC TAMA-3 pilot-PL
    `All the women of U. are pilots.'
Example #28:

    (21)     ujarali-up palisi-nit    tamar-mi qaatasuqti-t
    ujaralik-GEN police-3PL.ACC TAMA-3 pilot-PL
    `All the police of U. are pilots.'
Example #29:

    (23)     auti-limaa-t    iglu-mi     sana-qau-j-u-t
    men-LIMAA-PL house-3.ACC make-PAST-DEC-INTR-PL
    `All the men made a house.'
Example #30:

    (24)     uqa-limaak-p-a-a                                                        (Spalding 1998)
    speak-LIMAA-IND13-TR-3SG.3SG
    `He reads (it).'
Example #31:

    (26)   iglu-limaaq        miua-lauq-t-a-ra
    house-LIMAAQ paint-PAST-INC-TR-1SG.3SG
    `I painted all (of) the house.'
Example #32:

    (27)   aunasukti-limaa-t tuni-lauq-t-a-kka      qamuti-nik
    hunter-LIMAA-PL give-PAST-DEC-TR-1SG.3PL sled-3PL.ACC
    `I gave sleds to all the hunters.'
Example #33:

    (28)   taku-j-a-limaa-kka
    see-DEC-TR-LIMAA-1SG.3PL
    `I saw everything/everyone/all.'
Example #34:

    (29)   ujarali-up   arna-limaa-t          palisi-u-j-u-t.
    Ujaralik-GEN woman-LIMAA-PL police-COP-DEC-INTR-3PL
    `All the women of Ujaralik are police-officers.'
Example #35:

    (30)   ujarali-up     paliisi-limaa-t       arna-u-j-u-t.
    Ujaralik-GEN police-LIMAA-PL woman-COP-DEC-INTR-3PL
    `All the police-officers of Ujaralik are women.'
Example #36:

    (31)   ujarali-up   arna-limaa-t          qaata-suuq-ti-t
    Ujaralik-GEN woman-LIMAA-PL fly-one.who-agent-PL
    `All the women of Ujaralik are pilots.'
Example #37:

    (32)   Ujaraliup       paliisi-limaa-t     qaata-suuq-ti-t
    Ujaralik-GEN police-LIMAA-PL fly-one.who-agent-PL
    `All the police-officers of Ujaralik are pilots.'
Example #38:

    (33)   palisi-limaa-t      quqiqsa-lauq-t-u-t
    police-LIMAA-PL shoot-PAST-DEC-INTR-PL
    `All the police were shooting.'
Example #39:

    (35)   ila-it        inu-it      iqalu-mi kisiani niri-suu-t
    ILA-3PL.GEN person-PL fish-ACC but            eat-one.who-PL
    `Some people only eat fish.' (lit. Part of us people eat but fish.)
Example #40:

    (36)   ila-vut        kak-t-u-t
    ILA-1PL.GEN hunger-DEC-INTR-PL
    `Some of us are hungry.'
Example #41:

    (37)   ila-it        kak-t-u-t
    ILA-3PL.GEN hunger-DEC-INTR-PL
    `Some of them are hungry.'
Example #42:

    (38)   inu-it    ila-inna-it                iqaluk-tu-suu-t
    person-PL ILA-INNAQ-3PL.GEN fish-eat-one.who-PL
    `Few people eat fish.' (lit. Only part of them people eat fish.)
Example #43:

    (39)   ujaraliup arna-it         ila-it        palisi-u-j-u-t
    Ujaralik-GEN woman-PL.ACC ILA.3PL.GEN police-COP-DEC-INTR-PL
    `Some of the women of Ujaralik are police.'
Example #44:

    (40)   ujarali-up palisi-nit      ila-it      arna-u-j-u-t
    Ujaralik-GEN police-PL.ACC ILA.3PL.GEN woman-COP-DEC-INTR-PL
    `Some of the police of Ujaralik are women.'
Example #45:

    (41)   ujaraliup    arna-it      ila-it         qaatasuqti-t
    Ujaralik-GEN woman-PL.ACC ILA.3PL.GEN pilot-PL
    `Some of the women of Ujaralik are pilots.'
Example #46:

    (42)   ujarali-up palisi-nit      ila-it         qaatasuqti-t
    Ujaralik-GEN police-PL.ACC ILA.3PL.GEN pilot-PL
    `Some of the police of Ujaralik are pilots.'
Example #47:

    (45)   tuktu-it   uvanit   taku-qau-j-u-it
    caribou.PL 1SG.ACC see-PAST-DEC-INTR-PL
    `(Some) caribou saw me.'
Example #48:

    (46)   immu-mit        kuvisiq-qau-j-u-nga
    milk.ACC.SG spill.PAST-DEC-INTR-1SG
    `I spilt (some) milk.'
Example #49:

    (47)   atu-nit          miuaq-lu-git
    ATU-3PL.ACC paint-CONJ-3PL
    `Paint each (of them).'
Example #50:

    (48)   uqalimaaga-it atu-nit             titiqqa-li-it
    book-PL        ATU-3PL.ACC letter-which.has-PL
    `Each of the books has letters in it.'
Example #51:

    (49)   ani-j-u-inna-it
    leave-DEC-INTR-INNAQ-PL
    `Everybody left.'
Example #52:

    (50)   palisinit      arnainnait
    police-CASE woman-INNAQ-PL
    `All the police officers are women.'
Example #53:

    (51)   ippaksaq tapagijaqaq-tuinna-u-lauq-t-u-t
    yesterday tease-TUINNAQ-COP-PAST-DEC-INTR-PL
    `Yesterday, everyone teased (someone).'
Example #54:

    (52)   qamuti-qaq-tuinna-u-it-t-u-gut
    sled-have-TUINNAQ-COP-NEG-DEC-INTR-1PL
    `We don't all have sleds.'
Example #55:

    (59)    Bill iqalu-mi niri-inna-u-jaq-t-u-(q)       unnuk-ku(t)
    B. fish.ACC eat-INNAQ-COP-FUT-DEC-INTR-3.SG evening-VIAL
    `Bill will always eat fish in the evening.'
Example #56:

    b. angunasukti atautsiq ani-lau-nngit-t-u-q
    hunter(ABS) one(ABS) leave-past-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    ii. `There is one (particular) hunter that didn't leave.'
Example #57:

    c. Ulluriaq iqaluk-tu-nngit-t-u-q
    U.(ABS) fish-TUQ-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    i. `Ulluriaq didn't eat a (single) fish.'
Example #58:

    d. Akittiq iqalung-mik taku--nngit-t-u-q
    A.(ABS) fish-MOD see-AP-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    ii. # `There is a (particular) fish that Akittiq doesn't /didn't see.'
Example #59:

    e. angunasukti-up atautsi-up Ulluriaq taku-lau-nngit-t-a-(ng)a
    hunter-ERG       one-ERG     U.(ABS) see-past-neg-part-[+tr]-3sERG.3sABS
    ii. `There is one hunter who didn't see Ulluriaq.'
Example #60:

    f. ilinniarqti-up Maliktaq uqallaqatigi-lau-nngit-t-a-(ng)a
    student-ERG    M.(ABS) talk.with-past-neg-part-[+tr]-3sERG.3sABS
    ii. `There is a (certain) student who didn't talk with Maliktaq.'
Example #61:

    (64)     una      kiisi-lauq-t-u-q               uumia                                    (South Baffin)
    this.one bite-PAST-DEC-INTR-3SG this.one.ACC
    `This one bit that one.' (e.g. animals)
Example #62:

    (68)   palisi-nit      arna-u-j-u-t.
    police-ACC.PL woman-COP-DEC-INTR-3PL
    `The police-officers are women.'
Example #63:

    (70)   savik    atu-tsiaq-tuq                                       (South Baffin)
    knife    useful-very-DEC-INTR-3.SG
    a.      `A certain knife is useful.'
Example #64:

    (71)   savi-it atu-tsiaq-t-u-it                                     (South Baffin)
    knife-PL useful-very-DEC-INTR-3.PL
    `Knives are useful.'
Example #65:

    (72)   qimmiq niqi-mit niri-suu-q.                                  (South Baffin)
    dog     meat-ACC eat-one.who-3SG
    a.   `A (certain) dog eats meat.'
Example #66:

    (73)   qimmi-it niqi-mit niri-suu-t                                 (South Baffin)
    dog-PL meat-ACC eat-one.who-3SG
    `Dogs eat meat.'
Example #67:

    (84)       tamar-mi      iglu-duaq miua-lauq-t-a-ra
    all-ACC       house-big paint-PAST-DEC-TR-1SG.3SG
    b. #`I    painted every house.'
Example #68:

    (90)    angunasukti-up atautsi-up Ulluriaq taku-lau-nngit-t-a-(ng)a
    hunter-ERG         one-ERG U.(ABS) see-past-neg-part-[+tr]-3sERG.3sABS
    b. `There is one hunter that didn't leave.'
Example #69:

    (91)    Ulluriaq iqaluk-tu-nngit-t-u-q
    U.(ABS) fish-TUQ-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    b. # `There is a fish/are fish that Ulluriaq didn't eat.'
Example #70:

    (95)    paliisi arna-u-j-u-(q)                                                (South Baffin)
    police woman-COP-DEC-INTR-3SG
    `The police-officer is a woman.'
Example #71:

    (98)    ila-it         iqaluk-tu-suu-u-it-tut
    part-3PL.GEN fish-consume-one.who-COP-NEG-IND-INTR-3PL
    `Some (people) don't eat fish.'
Example #72:

    (99)    atausi-u-it-t-u-q
    one-COP-NEG-IND-INTR-3SG
    `There isn't one.'
Example #73:

    (100) qamuti-qaq-tuinna-u-it-t-u-gut
    sled-have-TUINNAQ-COP-NEG-IND-INTR-1PL
    `We don't all have sleds.'
Example #74:

    (101) Angunasukti-up atautsi-up Ulluriaq taku-lau-nngit-t-a-(ng)a
    hunter-ERG     one-ERG U.(ABS) see-past-neg-part-[+tr]-3sERG.3sABS
    b. `There is one hunter who didn't see Ulluriaq.'
Example #75:

    (102) Angunasukti atautsiq ani-lau-nngit-t-u-q
    hunter(ABS) one(ABS) leave-past-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    b. `There is one (particular) hunter that didn't leave.'
Example #76:

    (103) Akittiq iqalung-mik taku--nngit-t-u-q
    A.(ABS) fish-MOD see-AP-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    b. # `There is a (particular) fish that Akittiq doesn't /didn't see.'
Example #77:

    (104) Ulluriaq iqaluk-tu-nngit-t-u-q
    U.(ABS) fish-TUQ-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    b. # `There is a fish/are fish that Ulluriaq didn't eat.'
Example #78:

    (105) auti-limaa-t    iglu-mi     sana-qau-j-u-t
    man-LIMAA-PL house-ACC.SG craft-PAST-IND-INTR-3PL
    `All the men made a house.'
Example #79:

    (106) auti-limaa-t    iglu-ni    sana-qau-j-u-t
    man-LIMAA-PL house-ACC-PL craft-PAST-IND-INTR-3PL
    `All the men made houses.'
Example #80:

    (107) tamar-mi auti-t nanu-ua-liuq-qau-j-u-t
    all-ACC man-PL polar.bear-pretend-make-PAST-IND-INTR-3PL
    `All the men made a/some polar bear carving(s).'
Example #81:

    (108) auti-t qamuti-liu-tuinnaq-qau-j-u-t
    man-PL sled-make-TUINNAQ-PAST-IND-INTR-3PL
    `All the men made a sled/sleds.'
Example #82:

    Anguti-up nutaraq     taku-v-a-a
    man-ERG child(ABS) see-ind-[+tr]-3sERG.3sABS
    `The man sees/saw the child'
Example #83:

    Peta-up    anautaq      surak-taa
    Peter-ERG stick(ABS) break-PART.3SG/3SG
    `Peter broke the stick'
Example #84:

    (112) taku-j-a-ra
    see-DEC-TR-3SG.3SG
    `He saw it.'
Example #85:

    (113) taku-j-u-q
    see-DEC-INTR-3SG
    `He saw.'
Example #86:

    Angunasukti-up atautsi-up Ulluriaq taku-lau-nngit-t-a-(ng)a
    hunter-ERG      one-ERG U.(ABS) see-past-neg-part-[+tr]-3sERG.3sABS
    `There is one hunter who didn't see Ulluriaq.'
Example #87:

    Angunasukti atautsiq ani-lau-nngit-t-u-q
    hunter(ABS) one(ABS) leave-past-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    `There is one (particular) hunter that didn't leave.'
Example #88:

    Akittiq iqalung-mik taku--nngit-t-u-q                                  ~
    A.(ABS) fish-MOD see-AP-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    # `There is a (particular) fish that Akittiq doesn't /didn't see.'
Example #89:

    Ulluriaq iqaluk-tu-nngit-t-u-q
    U.(ABS) fish-TUQ-neg-part-[-tr]-3sABS
    # `There is a fish/are fish that Ulluriaq didn't eat.'
Example #90:

    qamuti-qaq-tuinna-u-it-t-u-gut
    sled-have-TUINNAQ-COP-NEG-IND-INTR-1PL
    `We don't all have sleds.'
Example #91:

    (122) tamar-mi auti-t nanu-ua-liuq-qau-j-u-t
    all-ACC32 man-PL polar.bear-pretend-make-PAST-IND-INTR-3PL
    `All the men made a/some polar bear carving(s).'
Example #92:

    (123) auti-t qamuti-liu-tuinnaq-qau-j-u-t
    man-PL sled-make-TUINNAQ-PAST-IND-INTR-3PL
    `All the men made a sled/sleds.'
Example #93:

    (124) auti-limaa-t    iglu-mi          sana-qau-j-u-t
    man-LIMAA-PL house-ACC.SG craft-PAST-IND-INTR-3PL
    `All the men made a (single) house.'
Example #94:

    (125) auti-limaa-t    iglu-ni    sana-qau-j-u-t
    man-LIMAA-PL house-ACC-PL craft-PAST-IND-INTR-3PL
    `All the men made houses.'