The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Lutz Marten, Nancy Kula, and Nhlanhla Thwala (2005). Parameters of morpho-syntactic variation in Bantu.

URL: http://mercury.soas.ac.uk/users/lm5/BantuProjectPapers/Marten_Kula_Thwala_Bantu_London_Meeting.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2902&langcode=tsn (2021-09-24).


Example #1:

    (42)   ke     mo     ape-ets-e                 kuku
    SC1 OC1 cook-appl-perf                  9.chicken
    `I cooked him/her the chicken'
Example #2:

    (77)   *dikwelo       tse           ke               bone-ng
    NP10-books REL10             SC1sg.past       see-REL
    Intd.: `The books which I saw ... '