ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Peter Cole, Gabriella Hermon and Yassir Nasanius Tjung (2005). How irregular is WH in situ in Indonesian?*.

URL: http://www.benjamins.com/jbp/series/SL/29-3/art/0001a.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2924&langcode=ind (2021-09-27).

 

Example #1:

    (1) Siti mau apa?
    Siti want what
    `What does Siti want?'
Example #2:

    (2) Siti mau buku ini.
    Siti want book this
    `Siti wants this book.'
Example #3:

    Siti akan membeli apa? 2
    Siti will ACT-buy what
    `What will Siti buy?'
Example #4:

    b. Saya tidak tahu Siti akan membeli apa.
    1SG NEG know Siti will ACT-buy what
    `I don't know what Siti will buy.'
Example #5:

    Ani sudah mengetik laporannya siapa?
    Ani already ACT-type report-3POSS who
    `Whose report did Ani type?'
Example #6:

    Ayah harus mengirimi        siapa uang setiap bulan?
    father must ACT-send-APPL who money every month
    `Who must father send money every month?'
Example #7:

    Kamu akan membayar hutangmu dengan apa?
    2SG will ACT-pay debt-2SG with what
    `What will you pay your debt with?'
Example #8:

    (5) a. * Siapa akan menjadi       wasit pertandingan itu?
    who will ACT-become referee match              that
    `Who will be the referee of that match?'
Example #9:

    b. * Boleh saya bertanya [siapa akan menjadi       wasit pertandingan itu]?
    may 1SG ask          who will ACT-become referee match that
    `May I ask who the referee of that match will be?'
Example #10:

    c. * Apa membuatmu demikian gembira hari ini?
    what ACT-make-2SG so            happy day this
    `What makes you so happy today?'
Example #11:

    d. * Saya heran     [apa membuatmu demikian gembira hari ini].
    1SG surprised what ACT-make-2SG so              happy day this
    `I wonder what makes you so happy today.'
Example #12:

    (6) a. * Siapa dirampok tadi      malam?
    who PASS-rob just.now night
    `Who was robbed last night?'
Example #13:

    b. * Boleh saya tanya [siapa dirampok tadi  malam]?
    may 1SG ask who PASS-rob just.now night
    `May I ask who was robbed last night?'
Example #14:

    pertandingan itu]?
    match         that
    `May I ask who the referee of that match will be?'
Example #15:

    c. Apa yang membuatmu demikian gembira hari ini?
    what COMP ACT-make-2SG so             happy day this
    `What makes you so happy today?'
Example #16:

    hari ini].
    day this
    `I wonder what makes you so happy today.'
Example #17:

    b. Boleh saya bertanya [siapa yang dirampok tadi   malam]?
    may 1SG ask          who COMP PASS-rob just.now night
    `May I ask who was robbed last night?'
Example #18:

    b. Saya ingin tahu [apa yang harus kamu masak untuk dia hari ini].
    1SG want know what COMP must 2SG cook for 3SG day this
    `I want to know what must be cooked by you for him today.'
Example #19:

    (11) a. * Siapa   dirampok tadi      malam?
    who     PASS-rob just.now night
    `Who    was robbed last night?'
Example #20:

    b. Siapa     yang dirampok tadi      malam?
    who     COMP PASS-rob just.now night
    `Who    was robbed last night?'
Example #21:

    b. [[NP Siapa] [NP Presiden RI pertama]]?
    who        president RI first
    `Who is the first president of RI (Republic of Indonesia)?'
Example #22:

    d. [[NP Apa] [NP jawabanmu atas pertanyaannya]]?
    what       reply-2POSS for question-3POSS
    `What is your reply to his question?'
Example #23:

    (14) a. * Siapa yang Presiden RI pertama?
    who COMP president RI first
    `Who is the first president of RI (Republic of Indonesia)?'
Example #24:

    b. * Apa yang jawabanmu atas pertanyaannya?
    what COMP reply-2POSS for question-3POSS
    `What is your reply to his question?'
Example #25:

    (24) * Siapa akan menjadi        wasit pertandingan itu?
    who will ACT-become referee match            that
    `Who is the referee of that match?'
Example #26:

    b. [[NP Bapakku]           [NP ei [CP OPi yang [IP [NP ti] [VP menjadi guru]]]]]
    father-1POSS                      COMP              ACT-become teacher
    `My father is (the      one) who is a teacher.'
Example #27:

    (30) a. * Siapa yang Presiden RI pertama?
    who COMP president RI first
    `Who is the first president of RI (Republic of Indonesia)?'
Example #28:

    c. * Apa yang jawabanmu atas pertanyaannya?
    what COMP reply-2POSS for question-3POSS
    `What is your reply to his question?'
Example #29:

    (32) Siapa yang akan menjadi         wasit pertandingan itu?
    who COMP will ACT-become referee match             that
    `Who will be the referee of that match?'
Example #30:

    (33) Apa jawabanmu atas pertanyaannya?
    what reply-2POSS for question-3POSS
    `What is your reply to his question?'
Example #31:

    b. [[VP Menjatuhkan Gus Dur]i [NP Amien Rais ti]]
    ACT-fall-CST Gus Dur       Amien Rais
    `Amien Rais overthrew Gus Dur.'
Example #32:

    b. [[VP Didatangi      oleh perampok]i [NP rumahnya ti]]
    PASS-come-LOC by robber            house-3POSS
    `His house was robbed.'
Example #33:

    Dia ini ngeliat siapa?
    3SG this ACT-see who
    `Who is he looking at?' (Jakarta Field Station database)
Example #34:

    b. Gua nggak tau Ali bakalan ngawinin              siapa.
    1SG NEG know Ali will         ACT-marry-APPL who
    `I don't know who Ali will marry.'
Example #35:

    Kita mo ke rumahnya siapa nih?
    1PL want to house-3POSS who this
    `Whose house are we going to?' (Jakarta Field Station database)
Example #36:

    Bokir udah nawarin             siapa aja      kerjaan itu?
    Bokir already ACT-offer-APPL who exactly job          that
    `Who exactly has Bokir offered the job?'
Example #37:

    Kemarin perginya sama siapa, Hizkia?
    yesterday go-NML with who, Hizkia
    `With whom did you go yesterday, Hizkia?' (Jakarta Field Station
Example #38:

    Kalo naik sepeda, digonceng       siapa?
    if go.up bike PASS-get.ride who
    `If you go by bike, who gives you a ride?' (Jakarta Field Station
Example #39:

    b. Siapa, Dik,             mandi,      Dik?
    who younger.brother take.a.bath younger.brother
    `Younger brother, who is taking a bath? (Jakarta Field Station database)
Example #40:

    d. Boleh gua tanya [siapa bakalan ngegantiin          Gus Dur]?
    may 1SG ask who will            ACT-replace-APPL Gus Dur
    `May I ask who will replace Gus Dur?'
Example #41:

    e. Apa sih bikin elu kok gembira banget hari ini?
    what EXCL make 2SG EXCL happy very day this
    `What makes you so happy today?'
Example #42:

    banget hari ini].
    very day this
    `I wonder what makes you so happy today.'
Example #43:

    b. Coba elu jelasin       [apa dong mesti gua beliin      buat elu].
    try 2SG explain-CST what EXCL must 1SG buy-APPL for 2SG
    `Please explain to me what exactly I must buy for you?'
Example #44:

    b. Tas apa yang kulit buaya?
    bag what COMP skin crocodile
    `What bag is the one made of crocodile skin?' (Jakarta Field Station
Example #45:

    b. [[NP1 Yang teriak] [NP2 mahasiswa          dari Delaware]]
    COMP shout        university.student from Delaware
    `(The one) who is shouting is a student from Delaware.'
Example #46:

    b. Yang teriak diri di belakang.
    COMP shout stand in back
    `(The one) who is shouting is (the one who is) standing in the back.'
Example #47:

    b. [[NP1 [CP yang     teriak] [NP2 [CP      diri di belakang]]]]
    COMP     shout            COMP stand in back
    `(The one) who     is shouting is (the one) who is standing in the back.'
Example #48:

    b. [[NP1 [CP yang     teriak] [NP2 [CP yang diri di belakang]]]]
    COMP     shout            COMP stand in back
    `(The one) who     is shouting is (the one) who is standing in the back.'
Example #49:

    b. Yang teriak adalah [NP [CP yang diri di belakang].
    COMP shout be               COMP stand in back
    `(The one) who is shouting is the one who is standing in the back.'
Example #50:

    c. Yang diri di belakang bukan [NP [CP yang teriak].
    COMP stand in back      NEG            COMP shout
    shouting.'
Example #51:

    d. Yang teriak bukan [NP [CP yang diri di belakang].
    COMP shout NEG             COMP stand in back
    back.'
Example #52:

    (52) a. * Yang diri di belakang adalah [NP [CP           teriak].
    COMP stand in back      be              COMP shout
    `(The one) who is standing at the back is the one who is shouting.'
Example #53:

    b. * Yang teriak adalah [NP [CP        diri di belakang].
    COMP shout be               COMP stand in back
    `(The one) who is shouting is the one who is standing at the back.'
Example #54:

    d. * Yang teriak bukan [NP [CP        diri di belakang].
    COMP shout NEG             COMP stand in back
    back.'
Example #55:

    d. Yang teriak nggak/ndak diri di belakang.
    COMP shout NEG           stand in back
    `(The one) who is shouting is not the one who is standing at the back.'
Example #56:

    b. [[NP [CP yang teriak] [VP diri di belakang]]]
    COMP shout       stand in back
    `(The one) who is shouting is standing at the back.'
Example #57:

    (55) a. * Siapa      bukan mau coklat    payung?
    who        NEG want chocolate umbrella
    `Who       does not want an umbrella chocolate?'
Example #58:

    b. Siapa        nggak/ndak mau coklat      payung?
    who        NEG        want chocolate umbrella
    `Who       does not want an umbrella chocolate?'
Example #59:

    (i) [Buku itu]i saya tidak baca ti
    book that 1SG not read
    `That book, I did not read.'
Example #60:

    (ii) [Buku itu]i tidak saya baca ti
    book that not 1SG read
    `The book was not be read by me.'
Example #61:

    (i) [[NP Teman gua] [VP diri di belakang]]
    friend 1POSS     stand in back
    `My friend is standing in the back.'
Example #62:

    (ii) [[VP Diri di belakang]i [NP teman gua] ti]
    stand in back          friend 1POSS
    `Standing in the back my friend is.'