The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Masao Ochi (2004). How Come and other Adjunct Wh-phrases.

URL: http://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/publish/LL5.1-02-Ochi-paper.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2975&langcode=jpn (2022-01-19).


Example #1:

    (35) Taro-wa [dare-ga kita ka](-o) sitteiru.
    Taro-Top who-Nom came Q]-Acc know
    `Taro knows who came.'
Example #2:

    (36) a. Dare-ga kimasi-ta         ka?
    who-Nom come-Past       Q
    `Who came?'
Example #3:

    (37) a. John-wa naze/nani-o        awateteiru no?
    John-Top why/WHAT-Acc panicking Q
    `Why is John panicking?'
Example #4:

    (i) John-wa nani-o          manga-bakari yonderu no?
    John-Top WHAT-Acc comics-only reading Q
    `Why is John reading only comics?'
Example #5:

    (38) a. Kimi-wa [ John-ga naze/nani-o           awateteiru to] omou no?
    you-Top John-Nom why/WHAT-Acc panicking that think Q
    `Why do you think [that John is panicking t]?'
Example #6:

    (39) Dare-ga naze/nani-o     sawaideiru no?
    who-Nom why/WHAT-Acc clamoring Q
    `Who is clamoring why?'                               (Kurafuji 1997)
Example #7:

    (40) a. Minna-ga      naze awateteiru no?
    everyone-Nom why panic        Q
    `Why is everyone panicking?'            (why > every, every > why)
Example #8:

    b. Minna-ga      nani-o     awateteiru no?
    everyone-Nom WHAT-Acc panic         Q
    `Why is everyone panicking?'            (why > every, every > why)
Example #9:

    (i) a. ?*Naze dare-ga awateteru no?
    why who-Nom panicking Q
    `Who is panicking why?'
Example #10:

    (62) a. Ni weishenme mai-le shenme?
    you why        bought what
    `Why did you buy what?'
Example #11:

    b. ??Weishenme ni mai-le shenme?
    why        you bought what
    `Why did you buy what?'