The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Christopher I. Beckwith (1999). The Idea of a Classifier System.

URL: http://fccl.ksu.ru/winter.99/lang_typ/beckwith.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 30&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    (1)   neko ip-piki, inu ni-hiki, buta go-hiki, zenbu de hap-piki o katte imasu.
    cat 1-hiki dog 2-hiki pig 5-hiki all LOC 8-hiki ACC raising be.
    'I'm raising one cat, two dogs, five pigs, eight animals in all.'
Example #2:

    (3)     *Kuruma ni-dai, beddo san-dai, terebi ichi-dai, zenbu de mut-tsu moratta.
    car    2-dai bed 3-dai         TV 1-dai         all   LOC 6-tsu  got
    (*)'I got two cars, three sofas, and one TV, six (TH    ING)s   in all.'
Example #3:

    (4)   Kuruma ni-dai, beddo san-dai, terebi ichi-dai, zenbu de mono mut-tsu moratta.
    car    2-dai bed 3-dai        TV 1-dai         all LOC thing 6-tsu   got
    'I got six things in all: two cars, three beds, and one TV.'
Example #4:

    (5)   *Empitsu ni-hon, taoru ni-hon, yakyuu  ni-hon zenbu de rop-pon terebi de mita.
    pencil 2-hon towel 2-hon baseball.game 2-hon all LOC 6-hon television LOC saw.
    *'I saw two pencils, two rolled-up towels, and two baseball games, 6 (?)s in all
Example #5:

    (7)   Kuruma ni-dai, basu san-dai, torakku ichi-dai, zenbu de roku-dai mita.
    car     2-dai bus 3-dai       truck 1-dai      all LOC 6-dai     saw
    (*)'I saw two cars, three buses, and one truck, 6 (         VEHICLE)s    in all.
Example #6:

    (14) *Ni-rooru o   sono hikidashi ni irete kudasai.
    2-roll   ACC that drawer LOC insert please
    *'Please put two rolls in that drawer.'
Example #7:

    (15)    Tanaka-san no apaato     wa futa-ma shika arimasen
    Tanaka-HON GEN apartment TOP 2-ma but not.exist
    'Mr./Ms. Tanaka's apartment has only two rooms.'
Example #8:

    (16)    Daidokoro ga hito-ma to beddoruumu ga hito-ma, zenbu de futa-ma arimasu
    kitchen NOM 1-ma and bedroom NOM 1-ma all            LOC 2-ma exist
    'It has two rooms in all: one kitchen and one bedroom.'