The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Lutz Marten (2004). Bantu Grammar.

URL: http://mercury.soas.ac.uk/users/lm5/BantuProjectPapers/MartenBantuFocusOct2004.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3001&langcode=ruf (2021-06-13).


Example #1:

    (49a) chi-ti         na      ghumu-biki pfi-ghul-iw-a
    7-chair        and     3-tree        SCd8-buy-pass-fv
    `The chair and the tree were bought' [Cl 7 +Cl 3 = Cl 8]
Example #2:

    (49b) ghumu-biki ne-chi-kapu               pfi-ghul-iw-a
    3-tree         and-7-basket          SCd8-buy-pass-fv
    `The tree and the basket were bought'       [C l 3 + C l 7 = C l 8 ]
Example #3:

    (49c) [chi-ti] EMPH na       ghumu-biki chi-ghul-iw-a
    7-chair       and      3-tree        SCd7-buy-pass-fv
    `The chair and the tree were bought' [Cl 7 + Cl 3 = Cl 7]
Example #4:

    (49d) chi-ti         na      [ghumu-biki] EMPH     u-ghul-iw-a
    7-chair        and     3-tree                SCd3-buy-pass-fv
    `The chair and the tree were bought' [Cl 7 + Cl 3 = Cl 3]
Example #5:

    (50a) [ichi-ti] EMPH         na      ghumu-biki wanzehe           wa-chi-ghul-a
    NP7-chair      and     NP3-tree        elders         SCd2-Ocd7-buy-fv
    `A chair and a tree the elders bought' [Cl 7 + Cl 3 = Cl 7]