The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Lutz Marten (2004). Bantu Grammar.

URL: http://mercury.soas.ac.uk/users/lm5/BantuProjectPapers/MartenBantuFocusOct2004.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3001&langcode=swh (2021-09-26).


Example #1:

    (34b) zi-jaz-e                ndoo           [ma-ji] FOC                                                              Ty(e)
    OM10-fill-SUBJ          10.bucket      NP6-water
    `fill the buckets with water (not milk)'
Example #2:

    (45a)   Bi Sauda a-li-kat-a               mkate        kwa kisu                  [Swahili]
    Bi Sauda SCd1-PAST-cut-FV bread                with knife
    `Bi Sauda cut bread with a knife'
Example #3:

    (45b)   # Bi Sauda a-li-kat-i-a                          mkate       kisu
    Bi Sauda      SCd1-PAST-cut-APPL-FV              bread       knife
    `Bi Sauda cut bread with a knife'