The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Dieter Wunderlich (2006). Towards a structural typology of verb classes.

URL: http://web.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/~wdl/structyp-verb.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3067&langcode=jpn (2022-01-19).


Example #1:

    a. otoka-ga     onna-ni       hon-o    age-ta.
    man-NOM woman-DAT book-ACC give-PAST
    `The man gave the book to the woman.'
Example #2:

    b. John-ga      Mary-ni       sakana-o tabe-sase-ta.
    John-NOM Mary-DAT fish-ACC          eat-CAUS-PAST
    `John let Mary eat the fish.'
Example #3:

    b. Hon-ga        onna-ni       age-rare-ta.
    book-NOM woman-DAT give-PASS-PAST
    `A book was given to the woman.'