The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Butt, Miriam and Tracy Holloway King (eds.) (2003). Proceedings of the LFG 03 Conference.

URL: http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/8/lfg03.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 308&langcode=jpn (2022-01-19).


Example #1:

    b.   (i)    ani       awaLe        nuLLi.
    Ani-N     she-A        pinch-PAST
    Anik pinched her*k.                                     (her = someone else/*Ani
Example #2:

    (ii)   uma     aniyekkoNT       awaLe      nuLLiccu.
    Uma-N Ani-INST           she-A      pinch-CAUS-PAST
    Umai made Anij pinch her*i/*j.                          (her = someone else /*Um
Example #3:

    (29) a.     (i)    John-ga     zibun-o          tsuner-ta.
    John-NOM self-ACC            pinch- PAST
    Johnj pinched selfj.                               (self = John/*someone else)
Example #4:

    (ii)   Bill-ga      John-ni      zibun-o          tsuner-ase-ta.
    Bill-NOM     John-DAT     self-ACC         pinch-CAUS-PAST
    Billi made Johnj pinch selfi/j.                    (self = John/Bill/*someone el
Example #5:

    b.    (i)    John-ga      kare-o       tsuner-ta.
    John-NOM he/she-ACC pinch- PAST
    Johnj pinch him*j.                                 (him = someone else/*John)
Example #6:

    (ii)   Bill-ga      John-ni      kare-o           tsuner-ase-ta.
    Bill-NOM     John-DAT     he/she-ACC       pinch-CAUS-PAST
    Billi made Johnj pinch him*i/*j.                   (him = someone else/*John/*Bi
Example #7:

    a. Taroo=wa Hanako=ni yubiwa=o ageta.
    Taroo-TOP Hanako-DAT ring-ACC give.PST
    `Taro gave Hanako a ring.'
Example #8:

    b. Ken=mo titioya=o=sae nikunda.
    Ken-FOC father-ACC-FOC hate.PST
    `Ken too hated even his father.'
Example #9:

    (15)     a. Taroo=wa [inu=to uma] =o mita.
    Taroo-TOP dog-and horse ACC see.PST
    `Taro saw the dog and the horse.'
Example #10:

    b. Ken=wa [suugaku=to buturi] =de/sae manten=o            totta.
    Ken-TOP math-and      physics INST/FOCUS full mark-ACC get.PST
    `Ken got full marks (even) for math and physics.'
Example #11:

    (ii)     John-ga     Mary -ni     kodomo -o sikar-are -ta
    John-NOM Mary -DAT child -ACC scold -PASS-PAST
    `John had his child scolded by Mary.'