The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Butt, Miriam and Tracy Holloway King (eds.) (2003). Proceedings of the LFG 03 Conference.

URL: http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/8/lfg03.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 308&langcode=mal (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    (1)              kuTTi      ooTikkoNTirikkaNamaayirunnu.
    child      should have continued to run
    The child should have kept running.
Example #2:

    (10) a.      kuTTi        weegam          ooTi / ooTunnu
    child        fast            run-PA / run-PR
    the child who ran fast
Example #3:

    b.     weegam       ooTiya     kuTTi
    fast         run-PA-REL child
    the child who ran fast
Example #4:

    c.     weegam       ooTunna        kuTTi
    fast         run-PR-REL child
    the child who runs/will run fast
Example #5:

    (15) a. kuTTi    ooTunnu.
    child-N run-PRES
    The child runs.
Example #6:

    b. kuTTi    ooTi.
    child-N run-PA
    The child ran.
Example #7:

    (16) a. kuTTi    ooTukayaakunnu.
    child-N run-INF-AA-PRES
    The child is running.
Example #8:

    b. kuTTi    ooTukayaayirunnu.                           (cf: ooTukayaayi.
    child-N run-INF-AA-PA-IR-PA                               run-INF-AA-PA
    The child was running.                                    is about to run. )
Example #9:

    (17) a.   kuTTi    ooTikkoNTirikkunnu.
    child-N run-PA-KOL-PA-IR-PRES
    The child keeps running.
Example #10:

    b. kuTTi    ooTikkoNTirunnu.
    child-N run-PA-KOL-PA-IR-PA
    The child kept running.
Example #11:

    (18) a. kuTTi    ooTikkoNTirikkukayaakunnu.
    child-N run-PA-KOL-PA-IR-INF-AA-PRES
    The child is "keeping on running".
Example #12:

    b. kuTTi    ooTikkoNTirikkukaayaayirunnu.               (cf. ooTikkoNTirikkukaayaayi.
    child-N run-PA-KOL-PA-IR-INF-AA-PA-IR-PA                  run-PA-KOL-PA-IR-INF-AA-PA)
    The child was "keeping on running".
Example #13:

    (41) a.    kuTTi      ooTi
    child      ran
    The child ran.
Example #14:

    b.    kuTTiyoo         ammayoo          ooTi
    child-or         mother-or        ran
    The child or the mother ran.
Example #15:

    c.    kuTTiyum        ammayum           ooTi
    child-and       mother-and        ran
    The child and the mother ran.
Example #16:

    (42) a.    kuTTiyaaN        ooTiyaat.
    child-is         run-it
    It was the child who ran.
Example #17:

    b.    kuTTiyoo ammayoo aaN ooTiyaat.
    child-or mother-or is         run-it
    It was either the child or the mother who ran.
Example #18:

    (43) a.    kuTTi      ooTiyoo?
    child      ran-Q
    Did the child run?
Example #19:

    b.    kuTTiyaaNoo ooTiyaat?
    child-is-Q       run-it                       child-Q-is  run-it
    Was it the child who ran?
Example #20:

    (44) a.    kuTTiyaaNoo ammayaNoo            ooTiyat?
    child-is-Q/or    mother-is-Q/or ran it
    Was it the child or the mother who ran?
Example #21:

    b.    naal       kuTTikaLum
    four       children-"
    All the four children.
Example #22:

    c.    ellaa       kuTTikaLum
    all         children-"
    All (the) children.
Example #23:

    (46) a.    ellaa kuTTikaLum       ellaa ammamaarum
    all children- and/" all mothers-and/"
    All (the) children and all (the) mothers.