The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Safir, Ken (2004). Anaphora in the African Languages Questionnaire Response for CiNsenga, Ngoni dialect - Version 2.3.

URL: http://www.africananaphora.rutgers.edu/CiNsenga.2.3.pdf

(Last accessed ).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3091&langcode=cmn (2021-09-24).


Example #1:

    X7) Zhangsan shuo Lisi chang piping ziji
    Zhangsan say Lisi often criticize ZIJI
    "Zhangsan says that Lisi often criticizes him."