The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:


URL: http://depts.washington.edu/wll2/files/ravinski_05_ma.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3196&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    b.     Mary-gak [DP tk kami]-ga naga-i
    Mary-NOM [          hair ]-NOM long-be
    `Mary's hair is long.'
Example #2:

    b.     John ­ga      kuruma-ga seibifuryoo-da
    John ­NOM car­NOM           ill-conditioned-be
    `John's car is ill-conditioned.'
Example #3:

    a.       John-ga musuko-ga hito-o   korosi-ta                   subject raised
    John-NOM son-NOM person-acc kill-PAST
    `John's son killed a man.'                           (Ura 1996:109)
Example #4:

    b. * John-ga Mary-o        atama -o nagut -ta                         object raised
    John-NOM Mary-ACC head-ACC hit-PAST
    `John hit Mary's head.'                                         (Ura 1996:110)