The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

William Earl Griffin (1999). The Typology of Expletive THERE.

URL: http://fccl.ksu.ru/winter.99/lang_typ/there.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 32&langcode=jpn (2022-01-19).


Example #1:

    a. Sono hito-ga hiwa-ni iru.
    that person-NOM garden-LOC exist
    `A person is in the garden.'
Example #2:

    b. Sono hito-tati-ga hiwa-ni iru.
    those persons-NOM garden-LOC exist
    `Those people are in the garden.'
Example #3:

    c. *Sono THERE hito-ga hiwa-ni iru.
    that THERE person-NOM garden-LOC exist
    `There is a person in the garden.'