The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Roland Pfau and Markus Steinbach (2003). Optimal reciprocals in German Sign Language.

URL: http://www.ling.uni-osnabrueck.de/aktuelles/finitheit/Bisang-Fin2.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3209&langcode=jpn (2022-01-27).


Example #1:

    (11) a . Hanako ga      shin-da   koto o shira-nakat-ta.
    Hanako SBJ die-PST thing ACC know-NEG-PST
    'X did not know that Hanako died.'
Example #2:

    b. Hanako wa shin-da        koto o       shira-nakat-ta.
    Hanako TOP die-PST thing ACC know-NEG-PST
    'Hanako did not know that X died' (Shibatani 1990, 272)
Example #3:

    (24) Koobe e it-te,         tomodachi ni at-te,          issho-ni         tabe-masu.
    Koobe DIR go-CONV friends          DAT meet-CONV together-DAT eat-PRS.HON
    '[I] go to Kobe, meet my friend, and [we] eat together.' (Hinds 1986, 85)
Example #4:

    (25) yame-sase-rare-taku-nakere-ba,        yoku     hatarai-te kudasai.
    quit-CAUS-PASS-VOL-NEG-CONV well work-CONV please
    'If [you] don't want to be dismissed, do your work.'