The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Bruening (2005). Homework 8.

URL: http://www.ling.udel.edu/bruening/Courses/2005-6/101/Typology2005F.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3216&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    Japanese       a.      Mary-ga sono hon-o       yonda.
    Mary-Nom that b o ok-Acc read
    `Mary read that b o ok.'
Example #2:

    b.      John-ga [Mary-ga sono hon-o       yonda to] itta.
    John-Nom Mary-Nom that b o ok-Acc read that said
    `John said [that Mary read that b o ok].'
Example #3:

    Gakusei-wa homer-are-na-i.
    student-Topic praise-Passive-Neg-Pres
    `The student is not praised.'