The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Joachim Sabel and Jochen Zeller (2006). wh-Question Formation in Nguni.

URL: http://www.lingref.com/cpp/acal/35/paper1316.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3242&langcode=dua (2021-06-13).


Example #1:

    b.   nja o bodi no moni?
    who you give PRT money
    'Who did you give the money to?'
Example #2:

    b.   [CP1 nje o ta         no     pula [CP2 na Kuo a keke        [CP3 wanea muna-o __ ]]]?
    what you AUX    PRT    want       that Kuo he try            bring child-his
    'What did you   want   Kuo to try to bring to his ch   ild?'
Example #3:

    b.    [CP Na si      bi [CP nje     Kuo a-andi no          ___ ]].
    I not know what          Kuo he-buy PRT
    'I don't know what Kuo    bought. '                                  (Epée 1976:
Example #4:

    b.   [CP Ngi-buze [CP ukuthi       uPeter u-thenge-ni]].
    1stSG-asked    that       Peter1a SP1a-bought-what9
    'I asked what Peter bo   ught.'