The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

MARIA POLINSKY and ERIC POTSDAM (2004). Malagasy Control and Its Theoretical Implications.

URL: http://linguistics.ucsd.edu/~polinsky/pubs/final%20paper.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3258&langcode=plt (2021-06-22).


Example #1:

    (1) a. n-i-vidy          ny akoho (hoan-dRasoa) Rabe                                ACTIVE
    PAST-ACT(IVE)-buy the chicken for-Rasoa        Rabe
    `Rabe bought a chicken (for Rasoa).'
Example #2:

    b. no-vidi-n-dRabe           (hoan-dRasoa) ny akoho                             PASSIVE
    PAST-buy-PASS(IVE)-Rabe for-Rasoa        the chicken
    `The chicken was bought (for Rasoa) by Rabe.'
Example #3:

    c. n-i-vidi-anan-dRabe       ny akoho Rasoa                          CIRCUMSTANTIAL
    PAST-ACT-buy-CIRC-Rabe the chicken Rasoa
    `Rasoa was bought a chicken by Rabe.'
Example #4:

    (3) a. iza    no      nividy     ny     akoho iza?
    who FOCUS buy.ACT the            chicken
    `Who bought the chicken?'
Example #5:

    b. *inona no      nividy inona        i Rabe?
    what FOCUS buy.ACT                 Rabe
    (`What did Rabe buy?')
Example #6:

    (8) a. n-an-andrana      n-a-mono        ny akoho     Rabe
    PAST-ACT-try      PAST-ACT-kill the chicken    Rabe
    `Rabe tried to kill the chicken.'
Example #7:

    b. m-an-aiky         ho-sas-ana            ny zaza
    PRES-ACT-agree FUT(URE)-wash-PASS the child
    `The child agrees to be washed.'
Example #8:

    (9) a. n-a-havita                namono ny         akoho Rabe
    PAST-ACT-accomplish       kill.ACT    the   chicken Rabe
    `Rabe finished killing   the chicken.'
Example #9:

    b. m-an-omboka               mitondra ny       fiara   Rabe
    PRES-ACT-begin            drive.ACT the     car     Rabe
    `Rabe is beginning to    drive the car'
Example #10:

    (10)   *nahavita navy ny orana
    accomplishcome the rain
    (`It stopped raining.')
Example #11:

    (11)   mahavitÓ                manoratra ny taratasy (ianao)
    accomplish.IMPERATIVE write            the letter you
    `Finish/complete your letter writing!'
Example #12:

    (13)   n-a-havita              [namono ny akoho          Rabe]
    PAST-ACT-accomplish kill.ACT       the chicken    Rabe
    `Rabe finished killing the chicken.'
Example #13:

    (14) a. *nanomboka namaky ny taratasy sy menatra                     ny mpianatra
    began          read      the letter     and embarrassed      the student
    (`The student began to read the letter and was embarrassed.')
Example #14:

    b. nanomboka namaky ny taratasy ny mpianatra ka menahatra izy
    began        read      the letter    the student   and embarrassed 3SG
    `The student began to read the letter and he was embarrassed.'
Example #15:

    (16) a. nanomboka omaly             [mihomehy daholo      ny ankizy]
    began        yesterday laugh             all      the children
    `Yesterday the children began to laugh all.'
Example #16:

    b. ?nanomboka daholo           omaly        [mihomehy ny ankizy]
    began          all          yesterday laugh         the children
    `Yesterday the children all began to laugh.'
Example #17:

    (19) a. n-andram-an-dRabe no-vono-ina                 ny akoho
    PAST-try-PASS-Rabe         PAST-kill-PASS     the chicken
    `Rabe tried to kill the chicken.'
Example #18:

    b. kasa-in-dRasoa           ho-sas-ana         ny zaza
    intend-PASS-Rasoa FUT-wash-PASS             the child
    `Rasoa intends to wash the child.'
Example #19:

    b. mihevitra Rabe fa neken-dRasoa               hovidina ny fiara                 PASSIVE
    think      Rabe that agree.PASS-Rasoa buy.PASS the car
    *`Rabe thinks that Rasoa agreed for him (Rabe) to buy the car.'