The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Stephen Crain, Takuya Goro and Rosalind Thornton (2006). Language Acquisition is Language Change.

URL: http://www.maccs.mq.edu.au/~scrain/papers/LAisLC.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3268&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    (27)    John-wa aisu ka keki-wo tabe-nakat-ta.
    John-TOP ice cream or cake-ACC eat-neg-past
    John didn't eat ice cream or didn't eat cake
Example #2:

    (28)    John-wa aisu mo keki mo tabe-nakat-ta
    John-TOP ice cream also cake also eat-neg-past
    John didn't eat ice cream and didn't eat cake
Example #3:

    b. John-wa Mary-ga eigo ka nihongo-wo hanaseru-to iwanakatta
    John-TOP Mary-NOM English or Japanese-ACC speak-can-COMP say-neg-past
Example #4:

    b. John-wa eigo ka nihongo-wo hanaseru gakusei-wo         minakatta
    Taro-TOP English or Japanese-ACC speak-can student-ACC see-neg-past
    speak Japanese
Example #5:

    (31)     Butasan-wa ninjin ka piiman-wo tabe-nakat-ta
    Pig-TOP carrot or pepper-ACC eat-neg-past
    Literally: 'The pig didn't eat the carrot or the pepper'