The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

PETER K. AUSTIN (2002). Causative and applicative constructions in Australian Aboriginal Languages.

URL: http://www.hrelp.org/aboutus/staff/peter_austin/AustinCausatives.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3273&langcode=pit (2021-06-13).


Example #1:

    (14)     Nhan-pa-ka       karnta-ka      yanthurru-nha         marri-linga     nganyari-nha.
    she-nom-here go-past            food-acc              get-purp        I dat-acc
    `She went to get food for me.'
Example #2:

    (15)     Nhan-pa-ka        karnta-ka       yanthurru-nha         marri-la-linga       nganya
    she-nom-here      go-past         food-acc              get-tr-purp          I acc
    `She went to get food for me.'
Example #3:

    (16) Thithi-nha           nganya        pithi-la-ya.
    older brother-acc    I acc         hit-tr-pres
    `(He) hit my older brother on me.'
Example #4:

    (17) Ngamari-lu         ngunji-ka         ngali-nha           kathi-nha.
    mother-erg         give-past         we dual-acc         meat-acc
    `Mother gave us meat'