The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

PETER K. AUSTIN (2002). Causative and applicative constructions in Australian Aboriginal Languages.

URL: http://www.hrelp.org/aboutus/staff/peter_austin/AustinCausatives.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3273&langcode=yii (2021-09-27).


Example #1:

    (28) Jugi              gunjiiny.
    sti ck            break-past
    `The stick broke.' (Dixon 1977 ex 508)
Example #2:

    (29) Ngayu             jugi            gunjingalnyu.
    I                 stick           break-tr-past
    `I broke the stick.' (Dixon 1977 ex 507)
Example #3:

    (30) Waguuja           bunyaay              galing.
    man               woman-comit          go-pres
    `The man is going with the woman.' (Dixon 1977 ex 502)
Example #4:

    (31) Waguja-nggu               bunya              galiingal.
    man-erg                   woman              go-tr-pres
    `The man is taking the woman.' (Dixon 1977 ex 503)
Example #5:

    (32) Bamaal            jugi            galbaanda                gundaal.
    man-erg           tree            axe-loc                  cut-past
    `The man cut the tree with an axe.' (Dixon 1977 ex 509)
Example #6:

    (33) Bama              galbaanda        gundaajinyu                jugiil.
    man               axe-loc          cut-a/p-past              tree-loc
    `The man cut the tree with an axe.' (Dixon 1977 ex 510)
Example #7:

    (34) Bamaal             galban          gundaajingaal              jugiil.
    man-erg            axe             cut-a/p-tr-past           tree-loc
    `The man cut the tree with an axe.' (Dixon 1977 ex 511)