The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mark Andrew de Vos (2005). Chapter 5.

URL: http://www.lotpublications.nl/publish/articles/001442/bookpart.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3280&langcode=afr (2021-09-17).


Example #1:

    b. Jan     sit die boeke en lees
    Jan     sit the books and read
    `Jan   sits reading the books'
Example #2:

    c. Jan     sit en lees die boeke
    Jan     sit and read the books
    `Jan   sits reading the books'
Example #3:

    (10)      a. Jan maak elke dag potjiekos
    Jan make every day potjiekos
    `Jan makes potjiekos every day'
Example #4:

    b. . . . dat Jan elke dag potjiekos maak
    that        Jan every day potjiekos make
    `. . . that Jan makes potjiekos everyday'
Example #5:

    (11)      a. Jan eet altyd      appels
    Jan eet always apples
    `Jan always eats apples'
Example #6:

    b. Jan wil nie appels eet nie
    Jan want not apples eet neg.                  AG R
    `Jan doesn't want to eat apples'
Example #7:

    (12)      a. Sy kom vandag die boek lees
    she come today the book read
    `She will read the book today'
Example #8:

    b. Sy kom lees vandag die boek
    She come read today the book
    `She will read the book today'
Example #9:

    (13)      a. Hy sal die heeldag           na die wolke lÍ en kyk
    he will the whole day at the clouds lie and look
    `He'll lie looking at the clouds the entire day'
Example #10:

    b. Hy     lÍ     die    heeldag         na die wolke lÍ en kyk
    he     lie    the    whole day       at the clouds        and look
    `He   lies   looki   ng at the cl   ouds the whole day long' (Robbers 1997:65)
Example #11:

    b. Sit en lees sy die boek?
    sit and read she the book
    book'(Ponelis 1993:326)                                        [ILV+LexV]
Example #12:

    c. Kom staan en lees hy die boeke?
    come stand and read he the books
    `Does he come and read the books?'                      [DLV+ILV+LexV]
Example #13:

    (15)       a. *Sy het gelees        vandag die boek
    She AU X P S T-read today the book
    `She read the book today'(Ponelis 1993:326)
Example #14:

    (16)       a. Sy moet die kinders help
    she must the children help
    `She must help the children' (Robbers 1997:174)
Example #15:

    b. *Sy moet help die kinders
    she must help the children
    `She must help the children' (Robbers 1997:174)
Example #16:

    (17)       a. Sy sal die kinders moet help
    she will the children must help
    `She will have to help the children' (Robbers 1997:174)
Example #17:

    (19) Sy sal moet die kinders help
    she will must the children help
    `She will have to help the children'
Example #18:

    (20) Hy sal kan die bal skop
    he will can the ball kick
    `He will be able to kick the ball'
Example #19:

    (21) Hulle sal wil die kinders leer
    they will want the children teach
    `They will want to teach the children'
Example #20:

    (22) Sy sou         moes        die boek gelees    het
    she will.P S T must.P S T the book P S T-read AU X.have
    `She had to have read the book'
Example #21:

    (23) Hulle sou       wou        die olifante sien
    they will.P S T want.P S T the elephants see
    `They would have wanted to see the elephants'
Example #22:

    (24)      a. *Waarom        sal moet        sy die kinders help?
    why            will must       she the children help
    `Why will     she have to    help the children?'
Example #23:

    (30) lÍ en slaap hulle?
    lie and sleep they
    `Are they lying asleep?'
Example #24:

    (31) Kom slaap hulle?
    come sleep they
    `Will they come and sleep?'
Example #25:

    (32) Gaan lÍ en slaap hulle?
    go     lie and sleep they?
    `Are they going to lie and sleep?' (Ponelis 1993:327)
Example #26:

    (33) *Gaan laat bou hulle die sentrum?
    go       let build they the centre
    `Will they go and get the centre built?' (Ponelis 1993:327)
Example #27:

    (34) *Sit en lÍ en slaap hulle?
    sit and lie and sleep they
    `Are they lying asleep?'
Example #28:

    (37)       a. Jan het          die koppie hoor val
    Jan AU X.have the cup       hear fall
    `Jan heard the cup fall'
Example #29:

    b. Jan hoor die koppie val
    Jan hear the cup         fall
    `Jan hears the cup fall'
Example #30:

    (38)      a. Jan skryf briewe en lees boeke
    Jan write letters and read books
    `Jan writes letters and reads books'
Example #31:

    (39)      a. Jan skop die man [wie hom bekyk]
    Jan kick the man who him look-at
    `Jan kicks the man who is looking at him'
Example #32:

    (40) Wat dink Bush dat Blair sÍ tW H ?
    What think Bush that Blair say t
    `What does Bush think that Blair is saying?'
Example #33:

    (52)      a. Gaan     haal hy die kinders?
    go       get he the children
    `Will   he fetch the children' (Ponelis 1993:329)
Example #34:

    b. Gaan     hy die kinders haal?
    go       he the children get
    `Will   he fetch the children' (Ponelis 1993:330)