The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ralph Charles Blight (2004). Head Movement, Passive, and Antipassive in English.

URL: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/etd/d/2004/blightr09910/blightr09910.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3311&langcode=jpn (2022-01-26).


Example #1:

    (100) Taroo-ga   Yosio-ni   ringo-o    age-ta.
    Taro-NOM Yosio-DAT apple-ACC give-past
    'Taro gave an apple to Yasio'
Example #2:

    (101) a. Doroboo-ga e-o              nusunda.
    thief-NOM painting-ACC stole
    'The thief stole the painting'
Example #3:

    b. E-ga              doroboo-ni nusum-are-ta.
    painting-NOM thief-by        steal-PASS-past
    'The painting was stolen by the thief'
Example #4:

    (102) a. Taroo-ga   inu-ni   sanbiki esa-o      yat-ta.
    Taro-NOM dog-DAT three         food-ACC give-past
    'Taro gave food to three dogs'
Example #5:

    b. *E-ga           doroboo-ni sannin nusum-are-ta.
    painting-NOM thief-by     three steal-PASS-past
    'The painting was stolen by three thieves'
Example #6:

    (103) a. Kodomo-ga sinda.
    child-NOM died
    'A child died'
Example #7:

    b. Hahaoya-ga       kodomo-ni sin-are-ta.
    mother-NOM child-DAT die-PASS-past
    'A mother is adversely affected by the death of her child'
Example #8:

    (104) Hahaoya-ga    kodomo-ni hutari sin-are-ta.
    mother-NOM child-DAT      two    die-PASS-past