ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ralph Charles Blight (2004). Head Movement, Passive, and Antipassive in English.

URL: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/etd/d/2004/blightr09910/blightr09910.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3311&langcode=nya (2021-09-17).

 

Example #1:

    (8)   a. Ngombe zi-na-tumiz-a          mitolo    ya udzu kwa mbuzi.
    cows      SP-PAST-send-ASP bundles of grass to       goats
    'The cows sent bundles of grass to goats.'
Example #2:

    b. Ngombe zi-na-tumiz-ir-a                mbuzi mitolo ya udzu.
    cows       SP-PAST-send-APPL-ASP goats bundles of grass
    'The cows sent the goats bundles of grass.'
Example #3:

    (9)   a. Joni   a-na-pats-a        nthochi kwa amai      ake.
    John SP-PAST-give-ASP bananas to        mother his
    'John gave bananas to his mother.'
Example #4:

    b. Joni   a-na-pats-a        amai   ake nthochi.
    John SP-PAST-give-ASP mother his bananas
    'John gave his mother bananas.'
Example #5:

    (69) a. Kalulu a-na-wa-b-a             mkazi wa njovu
    hare SP-PAST-OP-steal-ASP wife        of elephant
    'The hare stole the elephant's wife'
Example #6:

    b. Mkazi wa njovu       a-na-b-edw-a                 ndi kalulu
    wife of elephant SP-PAST-steal-PASS-ASP by hare
    'The elephant's wife was stolen by the hare'
Example #7:

    (70) a. Joni   a-na-pats-a        amai      ake nthochi
    John SP-PAST-give-ASP mother his bananas
    'John gave his mother the bananas'
Example #8:

    b. Johi   a-na-pats-a       nthochi kwa mai           wake
    John SP-PAST-give-ASP bananas to        mother his
    'John gave bananas to his mother'
Example #9:

    (71) a. Ngombe zi-na-tumiz-a            mitolo    ya udzu kwa mbuzi.
    cows     SP-PAST-send-ASP bundles of grass to        goats
    'The cows sent bundles of grass to goats.'
Example #10:

    b. Ngombe zi-na-tumiz-ir-a                 mbuzi mitolo ya udzu.
    cows      SP-PAST-send-APPL-ASP goats bundles of grass
    'The cows sent the goats bundles of grass.'
Example #11:

    (78) a. Mlenje a-na-gon-a
    hunter SP-PAST-sleep-ASP
    'The hunter slept'
Example #12:

    b. Mlenje a-na-gon-er-a               kalulu
    hunter SP-PAST-sleep-APPL-ASP hare
    'The hunter slept on the hare'
Example #13:

    (79) a. Kalulu a-na-sek-a
    hare SP-PAST-laugh-ASP
    'The hare laughed'
Example #14:

    b. Kalulu a-na-sek-er-a              atsikana
    hare SP-PAST-laugh-APPL-ASP girls
    'The hare laughed for the girls'
Example #15:

    (82) a. Ngombe zi-na-tumiz-a          mitolo    ya udzu kwa mbuzi.
    cows      SP-PAST-send-ASP bundles of grass to      goats
    'The cows sent bundles of grass to goats.'
Example #16:

    b. Ngombe zi-na-tumiz-ir-a                mbuzi mitolo ya udzu.
    cows      SP-PAST-send-APPL-ASP goats bundles of grass
    'The cows sent the goats bundles of grass.'
Example #17:

    (85) a. Ngombe zi-na-tumiz-a          mitolo    ya udzu kwa mbuzi.
    cows     SP-PAST-send-ASP bundles of grass to       goats
    'The cows sent bundles of grass to goats.'
Example #18:

    b. Ngombe zi-na-tumiz-ir-a                mbuzi mitolo ya udzu.
    cows      SP-PAST-send-APPL-ASP goats bundles of grass
    'The cows sent the goats bundles of grass.'
Example #19:

    (86) a. Joni   a-na-pats-a        nthochi kwa amai       ake.
    John SP-PAST-give-ASP bananas to       mother his
    'John gave bananas to his mother.'
Example #20:

    b. Joni   a-na-pats-a        amai    ake nthochi.
    John SP-PAST-give-ASP mother his bananas
    'John gave his mother bananas.'