The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ekkehard K├Ânig & Peter Siemund (1988). Speech Act Distinctions in Grammar.

URL: http://www.unipv.it/wwwling/koenig3.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3403&langcode=jpn (2022-01-27).


Example #1:

    a. Sakana-o        tabe-ro/-te (kudasai)!
    fish-ACC        eat-IMP
    `Eat the fish!'
Example #2:

    b. Sakana-o        tabe-ru.
    fish-ACC        eat-PRES.DEC
    `I eat fish.'
Example #3:

    c. Sakana-o        tabe-ru-ka?
    fish-ACC        eat-PRES.DEC-INT
    `Do you eat fish?'
Example #4:

    a. Yamada-san wa      ginkoo de     hataraite-imasu.
    Yamada-Mr. TOP bank at           working
    `Mr. Yamada works at the bank.'
Example #5:

    b. Yamada-san wa      ginkoo de     hataraite-imasu           ka?
    Yamada-Mr. TOP bank at           working                   INT
    `Does Mr. Yamada work at the bank?'
Example #6:

    (52) Dare-ga   kimasu         (ka)? [Japanese]
    who-NOM come             INT
    `Who is coming?'