The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Clifford Spence Burgess (1995). MAPPING MULTIPLE CAUSATIVES.

URL: http://www.sfu.ca/~gerdts/teaching/MA_Thesis_Cliff.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3421&langcode=plt (2021-06-22).


Example #1:

    (54) N-amp-iasa azy aho
    PST-CS-work him I
    `I made him work.'
Example #2:

    (55) M-amp-isotro ronono ny zaza ny reny
    PRES-CS-drink      milk     the child the mother
    `The mother is making the child drink milk.'
Example #3:

    (56) %N-amp-amp -itomany zaza        ahy                      izy
    PST-CS-CS -cry        baby     me                       he
    `He made me make the baby cry.'30
Example #4:

    (58) N-amp-amp-if-amp-izara vola          ahy ho azy          Maria
    PST-CS-CS-REC-CS -share     money me to         them     Maria
    `Maria ordered me to order them to cause each other to share money.'