ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ferdinand de Haan (1998). VISUAL EVIDENTIALITY AND ITS ORIGINS.

URL: http://www.u.arizona.edu/~fdehaan/papers/Visual.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3423&langcode=xsu (2021-06-13).

 

Example #1:

    (37)   a.      hi        ti-nö         a      hta              ku-le.
    stick CL-INST           3SG stand.upright PRES:WIT-near
    `It is standing upright by means of a stick.'              (p. 23)
Example #2:

    b.      hi       ai     kutiata pö     kalol(o)-a       ku-lai.
    this     other canoe 3PL float-DUR              PRES:WIT-obstructed
    `There are other canoes floating here (beyond the trees).' (p. 166)
Example #3:

    c.      kutiata a        kã            ku-lali.
    canoe 3SG be.in.water          PRES:WIT-upriver
    `There is a canoe in the water (upriver).'                 (p. 167)
Example #4:

    d.      olö       kökö wani hole-a              ki-mati
    snake CL         DEPR crawl-DUR PRES:WIT-away
    `A snake is crawling away.'                                (p. 167)
Example #5:

    (38)                   na     töpö ku        kule
    REL like 3PL say              PRES:WIT
    `That is what they are saying.'                              (p. 166)
Example #6:

    (39)            ala   a      lo-a           ku-poli
    macaw 3SG perch-DUR PRES:WIT-up.above
    `A macaw is perching up there.'                                 (p. 167)
Example #7:

    (40)    a.      ipa     sai     ha      hama töpö hasu-ki                ke.
    my      house by        visitor 3PL pass.by-FOC IMM.PAST:WIT
    `The visitors passed by my house.'                              (p. 28)
Example #8:

    b.              ka      pi      ti-ki           pata hila        ku-pi.
    REL INT PRT CL-DL                       AUG name WIT-REC.PAST
    `What did I name that big tree (I referred to) this morning?' (p. 154)
Example #9:

    c.              naha            a       ku-la-so        ku-pili.
    REL like        REL 3SG say-EXT-FOC WIT-DIST.PAST
    `Like that that one finally said.', `Like that he said.'        (p. 153)