The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Matthew S. Dryer (0.999501495). Clause Types.

URL: http://linguistics.buffalo.edu/people/faculty/dryer/dryer/DryerShopenClauseTypes.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3428&langcode=ceb (2021-06-13).


Example #1:

    (37) a.           ang duktur ang babayi
    TOPIC doctor TOPIC woman
    `the woman is the doctor'
Example #2:

    b.        duktur ang babayi
    doctor TOPIC woman
    `the woman is a doctor'
Example #3:

    (38) a. nag-tawag                        ang babayi nakuq.
    SUBJ.FOCUS.DUR-call          TOPIC woman 1SG.NONTOPIC
    `the woman was calling me'
Example #4:

    b. babayi ang            nag-tawag                     nakuq.
    woman TOPIC SUBJ.FOCUS:DUR-call                    1SG.NONTOPIC
    `the one who was calling me was a woman'
Example #5:

    (52) a. túqa                                    si      Místir Abáya sa Amiriká
    there:NOT.NEAR.HEARER:PRES TOPIC Mr. Abaya LOC America
    `Mr. Abaya is in America'
Example #6:

    b. ánhi                               siyá          sa Sibú
    here:NEAR.1PL.INCL:FUT           3SG.TOPIC LOC Cebu
    `he will be here in Cebu'
Example #7:

    (61) may bir
    exist beer
    `there is (was, will be) beer'
Example #8:

    (66)          may bir si               Lúling
    exist beer TOPIC Loling
    `Loling has/had beer'