The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Matthew S. Dryer (0.999501495). Clause Types.

URL: http://linguistics.buffalo.edu/people/faculty/dryer/dryer/DryerShopenClauseTypes.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3428&langcode=swh (2021-09-26).


Example #1:

    (6) a. wa-toto                 wa-na-cheza                 mpira.
    NC2(PLUR)-child 3PL.NC2-PRES-play               ball
    `the children are playing ball'
Example #2:

    b. wa-toto                 ha-wa       ni wa-dogo.
    NC2(PL)-child this-NC2(PL) be NC2(PL)-small
    `these children are small'
Example #3:

    b. ni              mamasi n-wet                   i
    3SG.POSS mother          3SG.ACTOR-hit 3SG
    `his mother hit him'