ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Li-May Sung (2006). Verbal Reflexives/Reciprocals in (Some) Formosan Languages.

URL: http://www.sil.org/asia/philippines/ical/papers/sung-reflexives_reciprocals_formosan.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3459&langcode=ckv (2021-09-16).

 

Example #1:

    (i) nan-tama       ci        utay atu ci buya
    Rec-father    Ncm       Utay and Ncm Buya
    `Utay and Buya are father and son.'
Example #2:

    (ii) nan-kaput qanyau
    Rec-friend 3Pl.Nom
    `They are friends.'
Example #3:

    (iii) nan-epaw4 ci       buya atu ci ukis
    Rec-house Ncm      Buya and Ncm Ukis
    `Buya and Ukis are husband and wife.'
Example #4:

    a.   m-ipes-iku                 ti          mayku
    AF-dislike-1Sg. Nom        Ncm         1Sg.Acc
    `I dislike myself.'
Example #5:

    b.   tebuq-an-su                aysu
    cut-NAF-2Sg.Gen            2Sg.Nom
    `You cut yourself.'
Example #6:

    c.   muRubu         ci          buya ti mayzipna
    praise.AF      Ncm         Buya Ncm 3Sg.Acc
    `Buya praises himself.'
Example #7:

    d.   tayta-an ni buya ta-paninuwan-an ayzipna
    see-NAF Gen Buya Loc-mirror-Loc 3Sg.Nom
    `Buya saw himself in the mirror.'
Example #8:

    sim-pukun          ci        buya ci       abas
    Rec-hit Ncm        Buya      Ncm  Abas
    `Buya and Abas hit each other.'
Example #9:

    sim-kirim      aymi          tu wasu
    Rec-look.for 1Pl.Excl.Nom Obl dog
    `We looked for the dog (together).'
Example #10:

    sim-kirim        aymi       tu wasu
    Rec-look.for 1Pl.Excl.Nom Obl dog
    `We each looked for our own dog.'
Example #11:

    (i) tatutunguz ci utay          atu ci abas        m-anan
    each               Ncm Utay and Ncm Abas           AF-return.home
    `Utay and Abas each returns home.'
Example #12:

    b.   sim-liatip     ya        ci        abas       atu sunis-na
    Rec-take.care Nom        Ncm       Abas       and child-3.Gen
    `Abas and her child take care of each other.'
Example #13:

    (19) a.   *sim-pukun ya ci buya
    Rec-hit     Nom Ncm Buya
    `Buya hit each other.'
Example #14:

    b.   sim-pukun ya ci          buya atu ci utay
    Rec-hit Nom Ncm          Buya and Ncm Utay
    Buya and Utay hit each other.'
Example #15:

    (20) a.   *sim-ta-tanuz ya ci utay
    Rec-Red-chase Nom Ncm Utay
    `Utay chased each other.'
Example #16:

    sim-pukun          ci        buya     ci        abas
    Rec-hit Ncm        Buya      Ncm      Abas
    `Buya and Abas hit each other.'
Example #17:

    (21) a. sim-bura tu Raq           ya   ci       utay      atu             ci        buya
    Rec-give Obl liquor      Nom Ncm       Utay      and             Ncm       Buya
    `Utay and Buya gave each other liquor.'
Example #18:

    b. sim-bura-an-na            ni utay atu        ci buya              ya        Raq
    Rec-give-PF-3.Gen        Gen Utay and       Ncm Buya             Nom       liquor
    `Utay and Buya gave each other liquor.'