The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Malcolm Ross (2005). Negative verbal clause constructions in Puyuma.

URL: http://rspas.anu.edu.au/linguistics/projects/mdr/Puyuma_negation.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3460&langcode=pyu (2021-06-13).


Example #1:

    (1) s<em>a-senay i         walegan
    <ITR>PROG-sing NOM:S Walegan
    `Walegan is/was singing.'
Example #2:

    t<em>usuk i       isaw Da        Lutung
    <ITR>pierce NOM:S Isaw OBL:IND$F monkey
    `Isaw speared a monkey.'
Example #3:

    (2) tu=tusuk-aw       na       Lutung kan isaw
    G$N:3=pierce-TR1 NOM:D$F monkey OBL:S Isaw
    `Isaw speared the monkey.'
Example #4:

    (5) s<em>a-senay=ku
    `I am/was singing.'
Example #5:

    (6) tu=dirus-aw=ku          kan walegan
    G$N:3S=bathe-TR1=NOM:1S OBL:S Walegan
    `Walegan washed me.'
Example #6:

    (9) aDi s<em>enay i         walegan
    N$G <ITR>sing NOM:S Walegan
    `Walegan isn't/wasn't singing.'
Example #7:

    (14)    a. aDi tu=dirus-i               na gung kan walegan
    N$G G$N:3S=bathe-TR1/2:N$G NOM ox OBL:S Walegan
    `Walegan didn't wash the ox.'
Example #8:

    b. aDi tu=dirus-i=ku                  kan walegan
    N$G G$N:3S=bathe-TR1/2:N$G=NOM:1S OBL:S Walegan
    `Walegan didn't wash me.'
Example #9:

    c. is=o                  fi-i       na-suu
    PVC$.PuNC=G$N:1S give-PVC$2 NOM-FR$$:2S
    `You were given (it) by me.' (Tsuchida 1976: 97)