The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Sun-Hee Lee1, Donna K. Byron, and Seok Bae Jang (2005). Why Is Zero Marking Important in Korean?.

URL: http://www.cse.ohio-state.edu/~dbyron/pubs/Jeju_NLP_Paper.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3494&langcode=kor (2021-09-24).


Example #1:

    (3) a. John-i      eycey       Mary-lul mannassta.
    John-Nom yesterday Mary-Acc met
    `John met with Mary yesterday.
Example #2:

    b. Kim-to           ,mannaassta.
    Kim also OBJ met
    `Kim also met (zero=her).'
Example #3:

    kunyang camcakho wuntongcang-man naytapo-ko iss-ess-supnita.
    just     silently    playground-only look down-PreP-Past-E
    `(I/you/he/she/they) was only looking down the playground just silently.'
Example #4:

    hayspam-i             mas-i        ssek choh-ass-supnita.
    new chestnut-Nom taste-Nom quite good-Past-End
    `New chestnuts had pretty good taste.'
Example #5:

    yunanhi         mas-i         ssek choh-ass-supnita.
    particularly    taste-Nom quite good-Past-End
    `Particularly, the taste of (it) was pretty good.'
Example #6:

    (7) a. John-i .      kesil-eyse       swi-ko iss-ess-ta?
    John-Nom living room-in rest-Pres Prog-Past-E
    `John was resting in the living room.'
Example #7:

    b. sakwa-lul mek-ess-ta.
    apple-Acc eat-past-E
    `(He) ate an apple.'
Example #8:

    (9) a Seyho-nun apeci-eykey chingchan-ul pat-ca             ekkay-ka ussukhayci-pnita.
    Seyho-Top father-to        praise-Acc receive-E be proud of
    `As for Seyho, he felt pride when he received praise from father.'
Example #9:

    b.  20 ilman-ey tut-nun chingchan-ila kippum-un hankyel tehaysssupnita
    20days-in hear-Rel praise-since pleasure-Top far               more
    was much more.'
Example #10:

    c.  emeni-eykey-nun nul           kkwucilam-kwa cansoli-man tulesssupnita.
    mother-to-Top       always scolding-and          lecture-only heard
    `From his mother, (he) always heard only scolding and lecture.'
Example #11:

    (10) wuli hakkyo-eyse wusung-ul          hayssta.
    our school-Nom winning-Acc          did
    `Our school won.'
Example #12:

    2 taytay-eyse     etten    mwucenmang-ul          wunyonha-ko iss-ci?
    2 squadron-Nom which       radio network-Acc      use-PresP-Q
    `What kind of radio network is the 2nd squadron   using?'
Example #13:

    (13) a.  ka-llay. (Question)
    `Do (you) want to go?'
Example #14:

    b.  ka-llay. (Declaration)
    `(I) will go.'
Example #15:

    (14) A: John-i        Min-ul        mwe-la-ko            mitko iss-ni?
    John-Nom Min-Acc           what-Co-Comp         believe being-Q
    `What does John believe Min to be?'
Example #16:

    B:                 kyoswu-la-ko          mitko    iss-nuntey.
    SUBJ OBJ          professor-Co-Comp belie       ve being-END
    `(He) believes (her) to be a professor.'
Example #17:

    (15)  holangi kwul-ey        ka-ya holangi-lul       capnunta.
    tiger     den-to       go-E tiger-Acc         catch
    (Trans.)`Don't hesitate but pursue what you need to do.'
Example #18:

    (16) A: 108 yentay cihwipwu-nun hyencay eti-ey wichihako issnun-ka?
    108 regiment headquarter-TOP now where-at locate being-Q
    `Where is the headquarter of the 108th regiment located?'
Example #19:

    B: 1      2    molukeyss-supnita.
    SUBJ OBJ not know-END
    `I don't know.'