The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:


URL: http://minimalism.linguistics.arizona.edu/AMSA/PDF/AMSA-165-0900.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 352&langcode=kat (2021-09-19).


Example #1:

    (1)    a.     m-kólav-s.
    1DAT -kill-3PRES
    `She/He kills me.'
Example #2:

    b.     gv-kólav-s.
    1PL. DAT -kill-3PRES
    `She/He kills us.'
Example #3:

    c.     g-kólav-s.
    2DAT -kill-3PRES
    `She/He kills you (sg).'
Example #4:

    (2)    a.     m-i-qvar-s.
    1DAT -R-love-3PRES
    `I love him/her/them.'
Example #5:

    b.     gv-i-qvar-s.
    1PL. DAT -R-love-3PRES
    `We love him/her/them.'
Example #6:

    c.     g-i-qvar-s.
    2DAT -R-love-3PRES
    `You (sg) love him/her/them.'
Example #7:

    (3)    a.     v-cóer-°.
    1NOM -write-1/2PRES
    `I write it.'
Example #8:

    b.     v-u-qvar-var.
    1NOM -R-love-1PRES
    `She/He loves me.'
Example #9:

    (4)   a.      rezo          deda-s         samajur-s         °-ac#ukeb-s.
    Rezo.NOM mother-DAT          bracelet-DAT      R-give-3PRES
    `Rezo is giving mother a bracelet.'
Example #10:

    b.      rezo-s       samajur-i         u-c#ukeb-ia       dedistvis.
    Rezo-DAT bracelet-NOM          R-give-3PERF      mother-for
    `Rezo had given a bracelet to his mother.'
Example #11:

    (5)   a. * vano-s          tavisi tav-i   e-lapóarakóeb-a.
    Vano-DAT self-NOM          R-talk-3PRES
    (`Himself is talking to Vano.')
Example #12:

    b. * temur-i        tavis tav-s       u-qvar-s.
    Temur-NOM      self-DAT          R-love-3PRES
    (`Himself loves Temur.')
Example #13:

    (6)   a.     vano           tavis tav-s e-lapóarakóeb-a.
    Vano.NOM       self-DAT     R-talk-3PRES
    `Vano is talking to himself.'
Example #14:

    b.     temur-s        tavisi tav-i    u-qvar-s.
    Temur-DAT      self-NOM        R-love-3PRES
    `Temur loves himself.'
Example #15:

    (7)   a.     (is)         vano-s       xatóav-s.
    (3SG. NOM ) Vano-DAT draw-3PRES
    `He/She is drawing Vano.'
Example #16:

    b.     (mas)       vano         da-u-rcómunebi-a.
    (3SG. DAT ) Vano-NOM     P REV-R-convince-3PERF
    `He/She has convinced Vano.'
Example #17:

    (8)   a.     nino           u-mg#eri-s        vano-s.
    Nino. NOM      R-sing-3PRES      Vano-DAT
    `Nino is singing to Vano.'
Example #18:

    b.     nino-s       u-qvar-s           vano.
    Nino-DAT R-love-3PRES           Vano.NOM
    `Nino loves Vano.'
Example #19:

    (11)   a.       g-kólav-°.
    `I kill you.'
Example #20:

    b.       g-i-qvar-var.
    `You love me.'